08-key-indicators-2014-chapter8.docx - 8 Healthy lives Strategic areas for action Governance and leadership and culture 8.1 8.2 8.3 8.4 Early child

08-key-indicators-2014-chapter8.docx - 8 Healthy lives...

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8Healthy lives Strategic areas for actionGovernanceand leadershipand cultureEarly childdevelopmentEducation andtrainingHealthylivesEconomicparticipationHomeenvironmentSafe andsupportivecommunities8.1 Access to primary health care8.2 Potentially preventable hospitalisations8.3 Potentially avoidable deaths8.4 Tobacco consumption and harm8.5 Obesity and nutrition8.6 Oral health8.7 Mental health8.8 Suicide and self-harmHealth outcomes directly affect the quality of people’s lives, including their ability tosocialise with family and friends, to participate in the community and to work and earn anincome. Physical health outcomes are related to a number of factors, including a healthyliving environment, access to and use of health services, and lifestyle choices. Health riskbehaviours, such as smoking and poor diet, are strongly associated with many aspects ofsocioeconomic disadvantage. Mental health issues are related to a complex range ofmedical issues, historical factors, the stressors associated with entrenched disadvantage anddrug and substance misuse.In May 2014, the Australian Government announced that an implementation plan for theNational Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Planwill be developed by the endof 2014, which will outline the Commonwealth’s blueprint for coordinated effort toimprove health outcomes (Nash 2014).The following indicators are included in the ‘Healthy lives’ strategic area:access to primary health care (section 8.1) — the first point of contact with the healthsystem enables prevention, early intervention, case management and ongoing care. Itcan also help address health risk behaviourspotentially preventable hospitalisations (section 8.2) — many hospital admissionscould be prevented if more effective non-hospital care were available, either at anearlier stage in disease progression or as an alternative to hospital care. Hospitalisationsfor injury and poisoning may also be preventable, although not necessarily throughbetter primary health careHEALTHY LIVES8.1
potentially avoidable deaths (section 8.3) — some deaths could be prevented ifeffective public health, medical and other interventions were availabletobacco consumption and harm(section 8.4) — tobacco consumption is a significantcontributor to premature death and ill health. In addition tobacco consumption candivert scarce family resourcesobesity and nutrition (section 8.5) — obesity and poor nutrition are significantcontributors to poor health outcomes oral health (section 8.5) — healthy teeth are important for overall health. Historically,Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians had less tooth decay, due to atraditional diet. Current levels of oral health reflect changed diet, dental hygiene andaccess to dental servicesmental health (section 8.7) — mental health plays an important role in social andemotional wellbeing. Mental health is considered to include not only mental illness but

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