Introduction.docx - Introduction The provision of proper healthcare services that results in better patient outcomes requires cooperation among nurses

Introduction.docx - Introduction The provision of proper...

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Introduction The provision of proper healthcare services that results in better patient outcomes requires cooperation among nurses, other healthcare professionals, patients and their families. Thus, nursing students should be equipped with inter-professional education before being released into clinical practice. Inter- professional education (IPE) may be described as a healthcare model that allows members of different social or healthcare professions to learn together for the purpose of enhancing collaboration amongst them so as to improve patient outcomes ( Guraya & Barr, 2018). This healthcare model makes it possible for the key players in healthcare to share knowledge and acknowledge the roles played by different care providers in the delivery of healthcare services. Therefore, the inclusion of an interprofessional course in the nursing curriculum is essential. Through this course, nursing students gain knowledge about different concepts such as collaborative practice, involvement of service users as well as contemporary policy drivers in healthcare. Collaborative practice in healthcare refers to a situation whereby nurses work together with other healthcare providers from diverse disciplines, as team members as well as team leaders (Hepp et al., 2015). According to Hepp et al (2015), members of the healthcare team need to understand the education, scope of practice as well as areas of expertise of each member. This would enable them to assume complementary roles and work together cooperatively by sharing their responsibilities while solving problems and making decisions during the process of formulating patient care plans. The outcome is improved patient outcomes. Service user involvement (SUI) in healthcare implies the inclusion of the users of the healthcare services (patients) in the planning, development as well as delivery of healthcare services ( Omeni, Barnes, MacDonald, Crawford & Rose, 2014). The involvement of patients in healthcare delivery puts them at the center of care delivery and improves patient outcomes. For collaborative practice and service user involvement practices to be incorporated into healthcare, there must be some key policy drivers that facilitate the implementation of the change. Therefore, this paper addresses collaboration and user involvement in the provision of healthcare services and some of key policy drivers that promote the implementation of the two in healthcare centers. Service Use Involvement Principles and Provider Involvement in Relation to Interprofessional Working Service user involvement is a concept based on patient centered care and implies the inclusion of patients in the planning of care and clinical decision making. In this case, patients (consumers of healthcare services) are involved in the care planning, care development and delivery (Millar, Chambers & Giles, 2016). Literature about user involvement in healthcare delivery points back to the declaration of Alma Ata by WHO in which it was stated that patients have the right as well as duty to take part individually in the process of planning and administration of their healthcare (Fee & Brown, 2015).
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