Study Guide 1
Chapter 12 (pgs. 248-264)
cell cycle, M phase, chromosomes, chromatid, homologous chromosomes, sister chromatids,
gene, diploid, haploid, mitosis, meiosis, asexual reproduction, sexual reproduction, clone, DNA
replication, somatic cell, sex cell, gamete, fertilization, haploid-dominant, diploid-dominant,
alternation of generations, synapsis, centrosome, spindle apparatus, chiasmata, metaphase plate,
nuclear envelope, independent assortment, crossing over
PHASES OF MEIOSIS:
Prophase I, Metaphase I, Anaphase I, Telophase I and cytokinesis
Prophase II, Metaphase II, Anaphase II, Telophase II and cytokinesis
*Know the events associated with each phase (from class and text)
SOME QUESTIONS TO ANSWER:
What makes homologous chromosomes “homologous”?
What is a gene?
What type of cell division is associated with asexual reproduction?
What type of cell division is associated with sexual reproduction?
What does 2N=8 mean?