Grd-7-Geography-T1-2020-Approved.pdf - 1 Geography Grade 7...

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1 GM 2020 Geography Grade 7 Term 1 Contents SECTION A: MAP SKILLS ..................................................................................................................................... 2 Local maps and street maps .......................................................................................................................... 2 Using an index to find places ......................................................................................................................... 2 Activity 1 .................................................................................................................................................... 2 Using a street map to find places and describe a route ................................................................................ 4 Activity 2 .................................................................................................................................................... 4 Sketching maps and explaining routes .......................................................................................................... 5 SECTION B: Map conventions ............................................................................................................................ 6 Activity 3 .................................................................................................................................................... 7 Activity 4 .................................................................................................................................................... 7 Activity 5 .................................................................................................................................................... 8 Determine and show compass directions on a local sketch map ................................................................. 8 How to find north in the southern hemisphere ............................................................................................ 9 Activity 6 .................................................................................................................................................. 10 Explaining a route verbally and estimate distances .................................................................................... 10 Activity 7 .................................................................................................................................................. 10 Section C: FORMAL ASSESSMENT .................................................................................................................... 11 Project: Draw a sketch map of your local area ............................................................................................ 11 Section D: Distance and scale .......................................................................................................................... 14 Map scales ................................................................................................................................................... 14 Line scales and word scales ......................................................................................................................... 15 Activity 8 .................................................................................................................................................. 15 Word scales ................................................................................................................................................. 16 Activity 9 .................................................................................................................................................. 16 Different scales for different maps .............................................................................................................. 18 Large scale maps .......................................................................................................................................... 18 Small scale maps .......................................................................................................................................... 18 Activity 10 – comparing scales ................................................................................................................ 19 How to measure indirect distances on a street map .................................................................................. 20 Calculating distances on maps (direct and indirect routes) ........................................................................ 20 Activity 11 ................................................................................................................................................ 21 Section E: Current events ................................................................................................................................ 21 Places in the news on a world map ............................................................................................................. 21 Top Events in 2017 ...................................................................................................................................... 21 Latitude and longitude of places in the news ............................................................................................. 22 How to give a reference using latitude and longitude ................................................................................ 23 Activity 12 ................................................................................................................................................ 23
2 GM 2020 SECTION A: MAP SKILLS Local maps and street maps Find home, school and places of interest on a map of the local area. People use maps to find their way around and to find interesting places. Most cities in South Africa have street maps. These maps are usually prepared as a book because showing a city on one sheet of paper would be too big to use. Using an index to find places Vocabulary Index: an alphabetical list of words, objects or places with page numbers, usually found at the back of a book, to help you find that item in a book. The index of street names below is from the Durban Street Guide. The index shows the street name, the suburb where that street is, the page number where the street can be found and the grid reference, to help you find the street more easily. Activity 1 Use the map index on page 3 to answer these questions. 1. On which page will you find Wipers Road? 2. On which page will you find William Nicol Street? 3. What is the grid reference for Wildebees Street? 4. In which suburb is Wiek Street? 5. In what suburb is Windsor Place? 6. You can see the name Wolfson Rd in the top right corner of the index. Why is this name there?
3 GM 2020 Map Studio Street Guide Gauteng pg. 294
4 GM 2020 Using a street map to find places and describe a route Street maps help you to find places and to describe the route from one place to another. Each street has a name to help you explain which route to take. The point where the streets cross each other is called an intersection. A street map has two features to help you find things: ˜ grid lines drawn on the maps to form grid squares ˜ an index at the back.

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