History of Texas Exam Review - Possible short answers(one or two paragraphs There will be six of these presented to you and you will address three(30

History of Texas Exam Review - Possible short answers(one...

This preview shows page 1 - 2 out of 5 pages.

Possible short answers (one or two paragraphs). There will be six of these presented to you, and you will address three: (30 points) 1) What social structures emerged among archaic Indians in regard to Family, government and Faith? In regards to family during the Archaic period, most individuals lived in bands of 25-30 people that were usually extended family. They lived in rock shelters and caves and semi-permanent residences. Archaic tribes during the time did show that they lived faithfully by pictographs. These pictographs were believed to be created by Shaman, who were under the influence of either Peyote or Mescal beans. They included cougars, which were a symbol of supernatural aid while hunting. 2) Why did the native American populations collapse in the 1500s and 1600s? The main reason for the collapse in the Native American population in the 1500s and 1600s was due mostly to disease. As residents of America, they had no immunity to European diseases that were being brought over. Their settled lifestyle and lack of immunities made them especially vulnerable to smallpox, measles, and cholera. During the first two centuries following the first contact with Europeans, it is estimated that the Caddos population declined 90% from 200,000 to 15,000. 4) Why was La Salle’s colony a problem for Spain? Spain took issue with La Salle’s colony simply because of the location of it, the Mississippi River. At the time, France already had control of about half of the continental United States because of La Salle’s expeditions, so Spain didn’t want to cede more land to their rival european country. Spanish explorers had established colonies in Florida and Mexico, so if the gap was closed between, then the French wouldn’t have any access to the gulf from Canada. Spain did not want the French to have that opportunity so when the French designs of northern New Spain reached the Spanish crown, the country reacted frantically and swiftly to find and destroy the colony to eliminate the threat. 5) Why did De Leon and Massanet establish a Spanish presence among the Caddo? Massanet and De Leon had a few reasons for establishing a presence and relationship with the Caddo Indians in Texas. First off, the Caddos knew of the search for La Salle’s colony, so they wanted to make contact to offer help in exchange for goods and a possible military alliance. Secondly, Massanet had heard “great things of the Caddos,” and hoped “to reach a rich harvest among the many souls in those lands who know not god.” Massanet wanted to convert the Indians to catholicism, and viewed La Salle’s failure to colonize the area as a sign from God that they should be doing missionary work. The relationship was good because of the Caddos willingness to accept missionaries in East Texas, and because of their help in finding La Salle’s colony. 6) What effect did the Spanish acquisition of Louisiana have on its administration of Texas?

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture