07.06 Political Conflicts - Notes .docx - u25cf If there...

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If there are more centrifugal forces than centripetal forces at work in a state, the forces will be imbalanced and a very real possibility exists for the state to break apart.Political, historical, and cultural forces all work to bring states together or to push them apart.Political geographers study both unifying centripetal forces and divisive centrifugal forces.Centripetal forces provide stability, strengthen ties, bind individuals, and create solidarity. These forces include anything that unifies the people of a state. A healthy economy and an effective government and leader are examples of centripetal forces.Centrifugal forces, however, may lead to the division of states into smaller states,distribution of power from the national government to regional governments, disruption to internal order, destabilization of governments, and weakened ties among individuals. These forces include anything that challenges state authority, such as conflicts that arise over religious differences or ethnocentric sentiments among groups in a population.The existence of centripetal and centrifugal forces has a significant influence on a given state's political viability. The presence of more centripetal forces than centrifugal forces makes a state much more likely to be politically viable, while the reverse makes it much more likely that a state will collapse. Centripetal ForcesNationalismNationalism is the belief that individual loyalty should be first tied with that individual's nation or nation-state. A strong, shared national feeling of commonality brings together the citizens of a state and helps support the authority and legitimacy of its government. National symbols such as flags, songs, and pledges may be used to reflect the nationalist sentiments of people ina state.SchoolsAs citizens learn about their common government, heritage, and history in state-sponsored schools, they unite their shared traits. In Japan, education is extremely important. It is mandatory for students in Japan to attend elementary and middle school, and the majority of these schools are free for children. While high school and college are not mandatory, a large majority of the population attend both. The central government takes measures to ensure that the curriculum is consistent across schools and that every citizen has a chance at anequal and fair education.Armed ForcesA strong, unified military provides a shared security and lends support and
viability to the controlling government. The United States has the world's largest military forces equipped to defend the country via land, air, and sea. After the September 11, 2001, attacks on the United States, American military forces took action to combat the terrorist group that targeted the country. The military action helped improve the feeling of security among the American people following the attacks.

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