Chinese Revolution of 1911 - The Chinese Revolutionary Process Characters 1 Alex Narrator Japanese Soldier Communist 2 2 Justin Sun Yat-sen Mao Zedong

Chinese Revolution of 1911 - The Chinese Revolutionary...

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The Chinese Revolutionary ProcessCharacters 1.Alex: Narrator, Japanese Soldier, Communist 22.Justin: Sun Yat-sen, Mao Zedong, Communist 13.Felix: Yuan Shikai, Chiang Kai-shek 4.Stella: Li Dazhao, KMT member, Chinese Thinker 25.Patrick: Puyi, Manchu Leader, Chinese Man, Chinese Thinker 1NotesPuyi youngest emperor in 1908 at only 2 years oldRevolutions started post-Qing dynasty; fell after abdication of Manchu boy emperor 1912 Tongmenghui is the chinese revolutionary alliance. It’s a secret organization and underground resistance movement by Sun Yat-sen & song jorien from Japan. Created from the unification of suns xingzhong. Wanted to overthrow the Manchu to establish a republic. Sun Yatsen led the 1911 revolt; Qing dynasty toppledHe made a European style gov, but was unpopular; resigned 1912 and Yuan Shikai took his placeHowever, Sun led revolutions against him till 1915; Shikai used full military strength against them; resigned 1916 due to hostilities from Japan and the Chinese people1919 Japan kept control over much of China. Since China and Japan were in the Entente, they felt cheated; students and nationalist politicians demonstrated on May 4th, 1919; included marches, strikes, and boycotts; deemed May fourth RevolutionM4 revolution aimed at changing China into a liberal democracy; Confucianism ridiculed; Bertrand Russell and John Dewey spread democratic ideasBy 1920’s communism rose and the Bolsheviks gained powerLi Dazhao led communist movement in 1919; one of his pupils was Mao Zedong1921 Communist party made in secret meeting in Shanghai1924 Sun and the nationalists formed an alliance with the communists; received Russian soviet advisors1924 WhampoaMilitary Academy created with Chiang Kai shek at the head; gave the nationalists military supportNationalists drove for power after Sun died in 1925; Chiang then seized control of the partyTook Yangzi river valley and Shanghai in early 1927 and later took Beijing; defeated or bought out the local warlords to end feuds; controlled all of China by 1929 and was recognized as the presidentImmediately attacked the communists, killing workers in brutal massacres while still maintaining relations with EuropeCommunist killings propelled Mao Zedong to the party’s leadership; initiated a long march of 90,000 communists, effectively moving the communist center of power to Shaanxi and establishing himself as the leaderOnce the japanese invaded, they had to ally with Chiang to defend against them
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ScriptAct 1Narrator:The Chinese Revolution of 1911 also known as the Xinhai Revolution sparked from many of things. With an already crumbling Qing Dynasty in China, the dynasty was on the verge of collapse, but the Qing Dynasty finally fell in 1911 after an outbreak from the citizens of China led an uprising against the Qing led by Sun Yat-sen.

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