155C H A P T E RC H A P T E R O U T L I N EEthics and the Communication of Diversity8Elements of DiversityIntercultural CommunicationThe Concept of Culture Cultural Rules of CommunicationReservations about Cultural Rules of CommunicationEthical Perspectives on Intercultural CommunicationCoordinated Management of Meaning TheoryDialogical CommunicationThird-Culture BuildingCommunication and People with DisabilitiesPeople-First LanguageDialogical Ethics Applied to DisabilitiesRawls: Contemporary Social JusticeKant’s Deontological Ethics and DisabilitiesApplications: Tolerance and Diversity: Hate Speech, Political CorrectnessCase Study: Security and ToleranceQuestions for Analysis of the CaseChapter SummaryQuestions and Topics for DiscussionNotesThe USA Today on September 30, 2004, reported that minorities are becoming a majority in more and more parts of the United States.1In 280 counties out of 3,141 in the country, Whites who are not Hispanic are no longer in the majority. The trend has accelerated since then. In 2014, 50.2% of children five years of age were designated as minorities. The Census Bureau projec-tions predict that by 2060, 56.2% of the total population of the United States will consist of what are now defined as minorities.2As a state, California has not had an ethnic majority for several years, and Texas is rapidly approach-ing or may already have joined California in that designation. Major cities such as Denver and Detroit do not have a specific racial or ethnic major-ity either. Furthermore, the so-called demographic upheaval means that the
156Issues, Settings, and Applicationsmajority–minority divide is no longer a simple Black-and-White affair, given the growing populations of Asian and Hispanic background. As part of this trend, we may soon find that the word “minority,” used as a demographic category, will no longer be used or even considered acceptable. Concerning the ethics of labels for people, many people now object to the term “minor-ity” anyway as implying diminished importance or status.Issues related to communication and diversity raise major concerns in many different arenas—as clearly shown in the news and online and social media. As this book is being written, the movement Black Lives Matterhigh-lights protests about police treatment of African American citizens, espe-cially in major cities. Campuses across the country focus on sexual assaults, suggesting the existence of a rape-culturein some places. Political campaigns have turned a spotlight on fears concerning immigrants into the country, especially from areas such as Latin America or Muslim countries—these fears often imply a racist or nativist attitude. Religious discrimination has also become more prominent, especially in regard to people of Islamic Faith.