Waning Slavery?-By the Constitutional Convention of 1787, the year of the 3/5ths Compromise, slavery was waning in popularity. There was a belief that it would eventually disappear as a practice, especially since it was becoming unprofitable.-THen Eli Whitney created the cotton gin in 1793. Suddenly, cotton became very easy to harvest and there was a renewed “need” for slave labor.-As Takaki points out, cotton, and therefore slavery, were responsible for the Market Revolution in the United States. In practical terms, slavery positively affected the economy of the entire nation.-Market Revolution:Improvements in transportation, communication, and industry. Two major effects: began the shift away from an agrarian economy to industrialization, and began the shift toward a greater focus on capitalism than democracy.The Indian Problem-In order to continue the growth of the Cotton Kingdom and the U.S economy by proxy, Native land was taken-As Native people were removed, they were replaced by slaves and plantation owners.-As the Market Revolution intensified, more laborers began to immigrate to the U.S, mostly from Ireland.
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- Fall '12
- Andrew Jackson, Native Americans in the United States, native nations