The Haudenosaunee: The basis for the founding fathers 1. History - Initially, they were comprised of Five Nations: Cayuga, Mohawk, Oneida, Onindaga, and Seneca - In 1722, they adopted their ancient relatives, the Tuscarora, which made them the Six Nations - Other Iroquoian people outside this grouping are the Susquehannock Erie, and Wyandot - Haudenosaunee means people of the Longhouse. This word was first recorded by Lewis Henry Morgan - History was recorded on wampum belts 2. Kinship - Much like the Anishinaabeg, the Haudenosaunee organize themselves socially into clans - Each clan is led by a clan mother. This is the oldest and most respected woman within that particular clan. - The Haudenosaunee are a matrilineal society. This means children are born into their mother’s clan. - There are a total of 9 clans 3. Economy - Primarily agricultural, supplemental by hunting, gathering, trapping, and fishing - The economy was also heavily gendered. It was women who tended to the village and to the crops. Men hunted, gathered, and fished. - Land was communally owned but distributed to specific clans by women. - Because of their reliance on agriculture, the Haudenosaunee were sedentary. 4. Government - The Haudenosaunee followed a specific code of laws, called the Great Law of Peace - The Longhouse represents all Six Nations - While the Haudenosaunee were technically a patriarchy since the chiefs were male, it as actually the clan mothers that held practical power. - The Great Law of Peace established a constitutional democracy among the Haudenosaunee Confederacy, a flexible alliance between the Five and eventually Six Nations. Oral history dates this to ~ 1176. - The Confederacy was a flexible but supportive form of government. How?
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- Fall '12