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Rastislav Kazanský The Theory of Conflicts Publishing house of the Matej Bel University in Banská Bystrica Belianum Banská Bystrica 2015
This textbook is a result of the Innovative Steps in University Education in the 21 Century project (ITMS: 26110230109) in compliance with the Operational Programme Education. The project is co-funded by the European Union. Matej Bel University in Banská Bystrica is the grant receiver. Title: The Theory of Conflicts Author: © Assoc. Prof. PhDr. Rastislav Kazanský, PhD Reviewers: prof. Ing. Pavel Nečas, PhD. Security Management College in Košice Assoc. Prof. PhDr. Jana Lasicová, PhD. Science Editor: prof. PhDr. Peter Terem, PhD. Approved by: Textbook approved January 13, 2015 by the Editorial Board of the Faculty of Political Science and International Relations , Matej Bel University in Banská Bystrica © Matej Bel University in Banská Bystrica, 2015 ISBN 978-80-557-0970-3
Contents INTRODUCTION ............................................................................................ 7 1 THE CHARACTERISTICS AND DEFINITIONS OF THE TERM 'CONFLICT' ............................................................................................... 9 1.1 SELECTED DEFINITIONS OF THE TERM 'CONFLICT' IN RELATION TO INTERNATIONAL SECURITY ................................... 9 1.2 CONFLICT ANALYSIS ..................................................................................... 13 1.3 CONFLICT TYPOLOGY ................................................................................... 19 1.4 ANALYTICAL LEVELS OF CONFLICT CATEGORIZATION .............. 22 1.5 EXAMPLES OF SUPRANATIONAL PARTIES INVOLVED IN CONFLICT RESOLUTION .............................................................................. 28 1.6 METHODOLOGY OF CONFLICT DATABASE CREATION ................. 36 2 SPECIFICITIES OF CONFLICTS AND CRISIS RESEARCH ................. 42 2.1 CAUSES OF CONFLICTS AS A SOCIAL PHENOMENON .................... 42 2.2 CAUSES OF POLITICAL CONFLICTS ........................................................ 44 2.3 CONFLICTS AND NATURAL RESOURCES ............................................. 50 2.4 POLITICAL ECONOMY OF CONFLICTS ................................................... 52 2.5 APPROACHES TO ETHNIC CONFLICT RESEARCH ............................ 59 2.6 CAUSES OF ETHNIC CONFLICTS .............................................................. 64 2.7 CAUSES OF RELIGIOUS CONFLICTS ........................................................ 66 3 CONFLICTS RESOLUTION WITHIN INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS 74 3.1 METHODS OF CONFLICT RESOLUTION ................................................ 76 3.2 ALTERNATIVE CONFLICT RESOLUTION .............................................. 85 3.3 IMPORTANCE AND STATUS OF THE UN AND CONFLICT RESOLUTION WITHIN INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS .................. 93 3.4 ISSUES OF THE DEFINITION AND CONTENT OF PEACEKEEPING OPERATIONS ........................................................... 96 3.5 BASIC PRINCIPLES OF UN PEACE OPERATIONS ........................... 114
3.6 NATO PEACE SUPPORT OPERATIONS .................................................. 125 3.7 EU CRISIS MANAGEMENT OPERATIONS ............................................. 129 4 CONFLICT PREVENTION WITHIN INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS ........................................................................................... 133 4.1 AREAS UTILIZING CONFLICT PREVENTION ................................... 136 4.2 APPROACHES TOWARDS CONFLICT PREVENTION ..................... 137 4.3 PERSONS INVOLVED IN VIOLENCE PREVENTION ....................... 140 4.4 METHODS EMPLOYED BY PREVENTIVE DIPLOMACY ................... 145 4.5 EARLY WARNING METHOD ....................................................................... 147 CONCLUSION .............................................................................................. 154
List of abbreviations AMIB African Union Mission in Burundi ARF ASEAN Regional Forum ASF African Standby Force ASEAN Association of Southeast Asian Nations AU African Union CEWARN Conflict Early Warning and Response Mechanism CEWS Continental Early Warning System CIFP Country indicators for Foreign Policy COW Correlates of War project (University of Michigan) DDA Department for Disarmament Affairs DESA Department of Economic and Social Affairs DPA Department of Political Affairs DPI Department of Public Information DPKO Department of Peacekeeping Operations EASBRIG Eastern Africa Standby Brigade ECOBRIG ECOWAS Standby Brigade ECOMOG Economic Community of West African States Monitoring Group ECOWARN ECOWAS Early Warning and Response Network ECOWAS

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