Exam #1 Study Guide Study Guide #1 Anthropology and Globalization ➔ “Danger of a Single Story” Ted Talk ◆ “Single Story” is a group of people who are written and depicted as only one thing ◆ Power is the ability to tell the story of one people and showcase them as one- dimensional/ only one thing- Power is not only the ability to create a story of a people, but the definitive story of that group of people ● Ex. Because of the economic and political power of the US she did not have a single story of America (all of her children's books were written for Western children) ◆ Single story robs people of their dignity and promotes stereotypes which are simply incomplete stories ◆ Stories can break and repair a broken identity ◆ Never a single story about any place or anyone ➔ Through what lenses do anthropologists gain a comprehensive view of human cultures? ◆ Anthropology: is the full scope of human diversity and the application of that knowledge to help people of different backgrounds better understand one another ◆ Ethnocentrism: the belief that one's own culture is normal and natural; using one's own culture to evaluate and judge the practices and ideals of another ◆ Holism: commitment to look at the whole picture of human life across space and time and we can can achieve this through… ◆ Four-field approach (4 lenses): the use of 4 interrelated disciplines to study humanity (first used by Franz Boas): ● Physical anthropology: the study of humans from a biological perspective ○ Physically we are all more alike than different ○ No distinct race just the Human Race ○ Ex. Argue that nature vs nurture is won by nature/ the study of bones to understand past nutrition ○ History of human evolution through fossils/ human evolution ● Archaeology: the investigation of the human past by means of excavating and analyzing artifacts ○ Prehistoric arch (before written records): reconstruct human behavior in the distant past through an examination of artifacts ○ Historic arch: explore recent past through an examination of physical remains and artifacts as well as written or oral records ○ Ex. find pottery and theorize how it might have about the society valued artist pleasure
● Linguistic anthropology: the study of human lang in the past and present ○ Descriptive ling: those who analyze lang and their component parts ○ Historic ling: those who study how language changes over time within a culture and how it travels across cultures ○ Sociolinguistics: those who study language in its social and cultural context ● Cultural anthropology: the study of peoples communities, behaviors, beliefs, and institutions; including how people make meaning as they live, work, and play together ○ Participant observation (Malinoski): a research strategy; involves both participation and observation of the daily life of the people being studied ○ Ethnology: the analysis and comparison of ethnographic (relating to the scientific description of peoples and cultures with their customs, habits, and mutual differences) data across cultures ○ Ex. The woman studying cheese artisans
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- Anthropology, Franz Boas