Exam #1 Study Guide.docx - Exam#1 Study Guide Study Guide#1 Anthropology and Globalization \u2794 \u201cDanger of a Single Story\u201d Ted Talk \u25c6 \u201cSingle

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Exam #1 Study Guide Study Guide #1 Anthropology and Globalization “Danger of a Single Story” Ted Talk “Single Story” is a group of people who are written and depicted as only one thing Power is the ability to tell the story of one people and showcase them as one- dimensional/ only one thing- Power is not only the ability to create a story of a people, but the definitive story of that group of people Ex. Because of the economic and political power of the US she did not have a single story of America (all of her children's books were written for Western children) Single story robs people of their dignity and promotes stereotypes which are simply incomplete stories Stories can break and repair a broken identity Never a single story about any place or anyone Through what lenses do anthropologists gain a comprehensive view of human cultures? Anthropology: is the full scope of human diversity and the application of that knowledge to help people of different backgrounds better understand one another Ethnocentrism: the belief that one's own culture is normal and natural; using one's own culture to evaluate and judge the practices and ideals of another Holism: commitment to look at the whole picture of human life across space and time and we can can achieve this through… Four-field approach (4 lenses): the use of 4 interrelated disciplines to study humanity (first used by Franz Boas): Physical anthropology: the study of humans from a biological perspective Physically we are all more alike than different No distinct race just the Human Race Ex. Argue that nature vs nurture is won by nature/ the study of bones to understand past nutrition History of human evolution through fossils/ human evolution Archaeology: the investigation of the human past by means of excavating and analyzing artifacts Prehistoric arch (before written records): reconstruct human behavior in the distant past through an examination of artifacts Historic arch: explore recent past through an examination of physical remains and artifacts as well as written or oral records Ex. find pottery and theorize how it might have about the society valued artist pleasure
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Linguistic anthropology: the study of human lang in the past and present Descriptive ling: those who analyze lang and their component parts Historic ling: those who study how language changes over time within a culture and how it travels across cultures Sociolinguistics: those who study language in its social and cultural context Cultural anthropology: the study of peoples communities, behaviors, beliefs, and institutions; including how people make meaning as they live, work, and play together Participant observation (Malinoski): a research strategy; involves both participation and observation of the daily life of the people being studied Ethnology: the analysis and comparison of ethnographic (relating to the scientific description of peoples and cultures with their customs, habits, and mutual differences) data across cultures Ex. The woman studying cheese artisans
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