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Ice_Cream_Frozen_Past - 1 Comp 102:12 30 March 2006 The...

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1 Comp. 102:12 30 March 2006 The History of Ice Cream and the Sweet Science Behind it Ice cream – everybody loves it. Some people eat it for refreshment during the hot days of summer and some enjoy it regularly as a cold dessert. There are thousands of flavors and varieties of ice cream and all people who enjoy it have their own personal favorites. Most people eat without ever thinking about the history of what they are putting in their mouths. However, ice cream is one snack that has a tasty past, has experienced many changes over time, and can be used to interpret a person’s personality. Individualism is something America revolves around. Everybody likes to be his or her own person, free of restraint from others and able to do whatever they like. And now after much time has been spent researching the topic, I have come to realize that individualism in America makes an appearance in something as simple as ice cream choices. Ice cream probably originated in China around 2000 BC (Funderburg 4-5). This is not a fact, because the origin of ice cream is one of the mysteries of the world. Ancient China is just the most educated guess made by many in the field of history. Ice cream made its first appearance in Italy in the 17th century and showed up in the United States in the early 18th century. Ice creams come in a wide variety of flavors, often with additives such as chocolate flakes or chips, nuts, fruit, and small candies. Some of the most popular ice cream flavors in supermarkets are vanilla, chocolate, strawberry, and Neapolitan (a combination of the three). The U.S. ice-cream manufacturing industry began in 1851 when Jacob Fussell, a dairy farmer, opened the world’s first commercial ice-cream factory in Baltimore, Maryland (Kuchenbuch). A large demand for his milk led him to mass-produce ice cream. This allowed the previously
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2 expensive concoction to be offered at prices everyone could afford. Upon immediate success, Fussell opened ice cream parlors as far west as Texas. Ice cream does not grow on trees and it can not be picked out of the ground. A delicate process must be completed before anybody can enjoy the cold treat. Early production methods consisted of placing the ingredients in a metal container, surrounded by a freezing mixture of ice and coarse salt, and mixing them until smooth. In modern plants the basic ingredients: milk, sugar, cream, flavoring, and gelatin are poured into a tank, where they are mixed and pasteurized. This mixture is cooled while stirring to prevent large ice crystals from forming. The mixture is then homogenized to break up particles of butterfat, cooled, piped to a freezing tank, and beaten until smooth. The ice cream emerges from the freezing tank partially frozen and is packed into containers that are stored in a refrigerated room until hard (Funderburg 28- 31). Although the term "ice cream" is sometimes used to mean frozen desserts and snacks in general, it is usually reserved for frozen desserts and snacks made with a high percentage of milk fat.
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Ice_Cream_Frozen_Past - 1 Comp 102:12 30 March 2006 The...

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