Traditional Approach vs. Life-Span Approach•The traditional approach emphasizes extensive change from birth to adolescence, little or no change in adulthood, and decline in late old age.•The life-span approach emphasizes developmental change during adulthood as well as childhood.
The Field of Child Development•Periods of development:–Prenatal: from conception to birth–Infancy and toddlerhood: birth to 2 years–Early childhood: 2-6 years old–Middle childhood: 6-12 years old–Adolescence: 12-19 years old
Time periods of adolescence•Adolescence is a uniquedevelopmental period–it keeps changing!•Earlyadolescence – 11 to 13 years old–Continues to be pushed earlier (9-10…)•Middleadolescence – 14 to 17 years old•Lateadolescence (early adulthood) – 18 to 20 years old–Continues to be pushed later (21-24…)
Extension of adolescence…•…in both directions!•“tweens” •“emerging adults”
•Many developmentalists define the end of adolescence as the point at which the