11Mendelian Genetics: The Theory of Particulate InheritanceTesting the theoryApplying the theoryThe relation between Mendelian and molecular genetics2Mar 5: New study publishedon the tree of life of animalsTree of life based on geneticevidence3Mendelian theorySexually reproducing organisms have ______copies of every gene.How many copies of each gene came from the individual’s mother? _______Gametes have how many copies of every gene? ______When a heterozygote produces a sperm or egg,the probability that a given allele will appearin the gamete is ______When two heterozygotes have offspring, theprobability that a given offspring will behomozygous is _______4A fruit fly heterozygous for the gene “Amy”mates with a fly that has two copies of the Amy1allele in its genotype. (This allele occurs in both flies.) How many different genotypes could be found in their offspring?A. 1, B. 2, C. 3, D. 4
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