The importance of water_ carbs and fats.pdf - The Importance of Water Carbohydrates and Fats P ROPER animal nutrition is key to successful livestock

The importance of water_ carbs and fats.pdf - The...

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The Importance of Water, Carbohydrates, and Fats P ROPER animal nutrition is key to successful livestock production. Good nutrition can increase feed effi- ciency and the rate of gain in animals. Animals must be fed diets that meet their needs. If their needs are not prop- erly met, the animals won’t grow, repro- duce, or produce milk, and they could possibly die. Objective: þ Describe the importance of water, carbohydrates, and fats as essential nutrients in animal production. Key Terms: Ñ Essential Nutrients in Animal Production A nutrient is a substance contained in feed that is necessary for an organism to live and grow. A ration is the total amount of feed an animal consumes in a 24-hour period. The ration can be fed all at once or be available at various points throughout the day. A balanced ration is one that contains all the nutrients an animal needs and in the correct proportions. The nutritional requirements vary depending upon the animal’s stages of growth or produc- tion, including maintenance, lactation or reproduction, growth and finishing, and work or E-unit: The Importance of Water, Carbohydrates, and Fats Page 1 u Copyright © by CAERT, Inc. — Reproduction by subscription only. 010006 balanced ration carbohydrates complex carbohydrates essential nutrients ether fiber lipid nutrient ration simple carbohydrates
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activity. Too much of any one nutrient is wasteful and may prove harmful to the animal. A nutrient deficiency can result in stunted growth and low production. Nutrients required for proper growth in all animals are called essential nutrients . There are six classes of essential nutrients—water, carbohydrates, fats, proteins, minerals, and vita- mins. This E-unit will discuss the first three of these. WATER Water is necessary for an animal’s survival. An animal can live longer without food than without water. Water makes up about 75 percent of the weight of a mature animal and as much as 90 percent of a newborn. It is found in every cell of the body. The amount of water needed
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