Course Hero Logo

PSYCH 451 Exam 1.docx - PSYCH 434 Exam 1 Introduction...

Course Hero uses AI to attempt to automatically extract content from documents to surface to you and others so you can study better, e.g., in search results, to enrich docs, and more. This preview shows page 1 - 3 out of 8 pages.

PSYCH 434 Exam 1IntroductionPsychological Branches:Metaphysics- questions of realityoWhat is the world made of? Is the world “real”?
oHow do I acquire knowledge?
oWhat is right? What is wrong?Lecture 2How does science work? (Positivism)oDescribe- observable factsoExplain? NO- According to positivists, not the job of science (Skinner)oPredictoControlHow does science work? (Methodological view)
How does science work? (Paradigm Shifts)
oThen it goes around again, we now are under the assumption that the sun is thecenter of the universe (heliocentric model) (normal science)oScientists puzzle solveHow does science work? (Research program)oImre Lakatos (1922-1974)oHave beliefs that you do not challengeYou challenge the individual questions we would ask in a study (auxiliaryhypothesis)oHard core is not what is aggression (if studying aggression), its what are thevariables of aggression and then the rest are questions we have from that(auxiliary hypothesis)1/23/18Ancient Greece: Starting Point for Western PsychologyWhy Greece?Not the only civilization with advanced thought, alphabet, etc.oPhoeniciansPhoenician alphabet explainedoEastern Thought- BuddhismRole of cognition and emotion in the perception of lifeE.g. Meditational practicesPolis is central to Greek lifeo“city state”- no authoritarian rulerallows for differences in though, opinion, and application thereofPrior to the Polis: Ancient Greece in Bronze and Dark Ages (3000-700 BCE)oVery elitist, male- oriented societyE.g. warrior that dies honorably in battle can have an afterlifeVirtue (arête) is an achievement, not a state of being, thusavailable to only male warriorsoFear of the fate (Tyche)Polis Extreme: Spartao“hoi hominoi” = The Equalso

Upload your study docs or become a

Course Hero member to access this document

Upload your study docs or become a

Course Hero member to access this document

End of preview. Want to read all 8 pages?

Upload your study docs or become a

Course Hero member to access this document

Term
Fall
Professor
Alida Smith
Tags
Science, Karl Popper, Sir Karl Popper

Newly uploaded documents

Show More

Newly uploaded documents

Show More

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture