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MemorandumTo: Jill LaudermanFrom: Chandler CavendishRegarding: Case brief on Dred Scott v. SandfordDate: February 17, 2020Name of the Case and Citations: Dred Scott v. Sandford, United States Supreme Court (1857).60 U.S. (19 How.) 393Facts: Dred Scott was owned by John Emerson and was taken by Emerson to Illinois where theylived for two years. Emerson eventually passed away and Scott was then Under Emerson’s wife, Irene. Scott brought his Master to court originally in 1852 in the Supreme Court of Missouri in Scott v. Emerson. Scott’s claim is based on the fact that his late Master held him in Servitude in the State of Illinois and also in Louisiana. When Scott came to Missouri he sued for his freedom and had a strong belief that he would be freed because of the laws in Missouri that came from theMissouri Compromise. The jury was instructed in accordance with Missouri law, and Scott was not freed so he appealed to the United States Supreme Court. Chief Justice Taney said that all people of African descent, free or slave, were not United States citizens and therefore had no right to sue in Federal court. He also mentions that No State can, byany acts of law of its own… introduce a new member into the political community created by theConstitution of tile United States.