citizenship - DO MULTICULTURALISM POLICIES ERODE THE...

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DO MULTICULTURALISM POLICIES ERODE THE WELFARE STATE?
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THE NATURE AND STRENGHT OF MULTICULTURALISM POLICIES There is no consensus in the literature on how to define the term “multicultural policies”. Many writers employ the term without ever defining it. In some contexts, the term multiculturalism is used to cover a broader range of forms of diversity, including gender/sexual orientation/disability and so on
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In some countries, the rhetoric of multiculturalism is advanced to defend such nondiscriminatory protection of the common rights of liberal-democratic citizenship. For example, some German politicians have invoked multicultural rhetoric to eliminate legal provisions that made it more difficult for ethnic Turks than for ethnic Germans to become citizens, and to extend the scope of antidiscrimination laws to cover the Turks.
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IMMIGRANTS The first trend concerns the treatment of immigrant groups. In the past, the most important countries of immigration (ie., Australia, Canada, New Zealand and the US) had an assimilationist approach to immigration
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In Canada, as in Australia and New Zealand, this shift was formally and officially marked by the declaration of a multicultural policy by the central government. These countries may well contain large numbers of "foreigners", in the form of illegal economic migrants, asylum seekers or "guest-workers", but these groups are not admitted as part of an immigration policy.
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(1) constitutional, legislative or parliamentary affirmation of multiculturalism, at the central and/or regional and municipal levels; (2) the adoption of multiculturalism in school curriculu (3) the inclusion of ethnic representation/sensitivity in the mandate of public media or media licensing; (4) exemptions from dress-codes, Sunday-closing legislation etc. (either by statute or by court cases); (5) allowing dual citizenship; (6) the funding of ethnic group organizations to support cultural activities;13 (7) the funding of bilingual education or mother-tongue instruction; (8) affirmative action for disadvantaged immigrant groups.
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