I. The 1919 Paris Peace Conference

I. The 1919 Paris Peace Conference - The 1919 Paris Peace...

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The 1919 Paris Peace Conference The collapse of Germany, the falling apart of Austria-Hungary, and the paralysis of Russia where the Soviet government was fighting a civil war, left the victorious powers free to draw up the peace treaties. It was a huge task because war also took place in the Far East, the Middle East and parts of Africa, with great changes in the balance of power in the international relations.
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The Political Map of Europe in 1918
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The big winning powers had to settle the territorial, economic and financial relations issues relating to the defeated powers, rebuild their own economies and maintain their pre-1914 interests overseas. In order to achieve all these goals, the peace settlement was realized by the treaties of Versailles, Saint-Germain, Trianon, and Neuilly. The only limitation to a harsh peace was the promise made by the Entente to President Wilson to draw the treaties of the basis of the Fourteen Points contained in his January 1918 message to the US Congress.
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But the terms were rather vague and the losers still hoped to take advantage of the differences between the winners. The three winning big European powers were in different situations. Through the defeat of Austria- Hungary, Italy was now free to acquire the territories with Italian-speaking populations and also hoped to obtain the harbour of Trieste. It wanted preponderance in the Adriatic and tried to limit the expansion of the new Yugoslav state. Italy hoped that Britain and France would keep their promises made in 1915 and knew that Russia was no longer around to defend Serbia’s interests.
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The only problem for Italy was the Wilsonian formula about the post-war settlement, to be based on the nationality principle, which rejected Italian claims on German-speaking South Tirol and the Slav-populated regions of Istria and Dalmatia.
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This note was uploaded on 08/06/2009 for the course INTERNATIO INT taught by Professor Isikgurleyen during the Spring '09 term at Izmir University of Economics.

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I. The 1919 Paris Peace Conference - The 1919 Paris Peace...

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