III. The Status of Germany after the First World War

III. The Status of Germany after the First World War - The...

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The Status of Germany after WW I It was France which wanted to restrict Germany’s sovereignty in the Versailles Treaty and impose financial charges on it to ensure its own security and to rebuild its regions damaged by the Great War. Britain preferred to see Germany regaining its place in international trade, which gave Germany hope to revise the treaty. French policy had to decide between two alternatives: imposing by force upon Germany a complete carrying out of the conditions of the Versailles Treaty despite the doubts and even resistance of Britain, or adopting a policy of conciliation by softening the conditions of the treaty.
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The war reparations issue, with the amount to be determined, caused Franco-British disagreements which facilitated the German resistance. France demanded 230 billion gold Marks, Britain disagreed and an agreement was reached between the two allies on 132 billion, to be paid in annuities. Germany was forced to accept that sum in order to avoid the threat of a military occupation of its Ruhr industrial region. When Germany was unable to pay in January 1923, France occupied the Ruhr, Britain refused to participate. German passive resistance (strikes) went on for 8 months, and France agreed to submit the reparation issue to an international committee of experts.
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However, by May 1924 French-German relations entered a conciliatory phase. Germany
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III. The Status of Germany after the First World War - The...

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