TRADEMARK - TRADEMARK INTRODUCTION Manufacturers and...

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TRADEMARK
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INTRODUCTION Manufacturers and merchants use trademarks for the sole purpose of distinquishing their products from those of others in the marketplace, not for any functional purpose. A trademark usually consists of a word, phrase, logo or other graphic symbol. Examples of trademarks are Honda, Hewlett-Packard and Quicken.
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TRADEMARK=PRODUCT IDENTIFIER A trademark is not limited to a brand name or logo. It can also consist of a distinctive shape, letters, numbers, package design, sound, smell, color or other aspects of a product that tend to promote it.
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DEFINITION A trademark is a distinctive word, phrase, logo, graphic symbol or other device that is used to identify the source of a product or service and to distinguish a manufacturer’s or merchant’s products from anyone else’s.
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COMMUNITY TRADE MARK Effective April 1, 1996, the European Union started accepting applications for a community trademark that would be good in EU countries. To qualify for registration, the proposed mark must be acceptable in all countries. Applications are to be submitted to the Office for Harmonization of the Internal Market in Alicante, Spain .
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UNITED STATES THE COMMON LAW THA LANHAM ACT UNFAIR COMPETITION INTERNATIONAL CONVENTIONS
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TURKEY DECREE-LAW NO.556 PERTAINING TO THE PROTECTION OF TRADEMARKS IN FORCE AS FROM JUNE 27, 1995 THE IMPLEMENTING REGULATIONS UNDER THE DECREE-LAW NO 556 PERTAINING TO THE PROTECTION OF TRADEMARKS
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INTERNATIONAL CONVENTIONS
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Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property (1883) Madrid Agreement (1891) Protocol relating to Madrid Agreement (Entered into force: 1 Dec.,1995, Turkey: Jan. 1,1999) Nice Agreement concerning the International Classification of Goods and Services for the Purposes of Registration of Marks (Entered into force: April 8, 1961, Turkey: Jan. 1,1996)
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