by123 chapter 4 - Having lost one phosphate ATP becomes...

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Chapter Four: Carbon Stanley Miller set up a closed system to stimulate conditions thought to have existed on early Earth, and concluded that organic molecules could be made from inorganic molecules Hydrocarbons - organic molecules consisting only of carbon and hydrogen Carbon + hydrogen = fuel STRUCTURAL ISOMERS - isomers that differ in covalent arrangements of their atom GEOMETRIC ISOMERS - isomers that have the same covalent partnerships, but differ in spatial arrangements ENANTIOMERS Adenosne triophosphate ( ATP )- a more completed organic phosphate. ATP consists of an organic molecule called adenosine attached to a string of three phosphate groups. When three phosphates are attached, one may be spit off with a reaction with water.
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Unformatted text preview: Having lost one phosphate, ATP becomes adenosine diphosphate , or ADP . ATP stores the potential to react with water. FUNCTIONAL GROUPS- a specific configuration of atoms commonly attached to the carbon skeletons of organic molecules and usually involved in chemical reactions Chemical Group Structure Name of Compound Example Hydroxyl Alchohols Carbonyl Ketones (if carbonyl group is within carbon skeleton) Aldehydes (if the carbonyl group is at the end of the carbon skeleton Carboxyl Carboxylic acids Amino Amines Sulfhydryl Thiols Phosphate Organic phosphates Methyl Methylated compounds • Be able to see a molecule and identify functional groups/names of compounds...
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by123 chapter 4 - Having lost one phosphate ATP becomes...

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