M2 Study Guide - it will be in the form of a problem -...

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Math 402 Study Guide for Midterm 2 Syllabus: Section 7.2, 7.3, 7.5, 7.6, 7.7 [Hyperbolic geometry] Section 4.1 [Constructions] Section 5.1, 5.2, 5.7 [Isometries] Warning: The following list is only a summary of the main points we’ve covered so far. It should not be the sole source you consult in preparation for the midterm. There’s no substitute for reading the book, reviewing your class notes, and doing plenty of practice exercises. Concepts and definitions: You should understand these and be able to define or explain them Poincare and Klein models, including distance formulae Parallel Axiom in hyperbolic geometry Angle measure in Poincare model; perpendicularity in Klein model Limiting parallels Ideal points and ideal triangles Angle defect Saccheri and Lambert quadrilaterals Area in hyperbolic geometry Isometry Results/theorems These are the main results we’ve seen. You should be able to state and use them. If consequences of these (or other results with simple proofs) are referred to in the midterm,
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Unformatted text preview: it will be in the form of a problem - probably with hints. • In hyperbolic geometry o There are no rectangles o The angle defect is positive for all triangles o Similar triangles are congruent o The segment joining the midpoints of base and summit in a Saccheri quadrilateral makes right angles with the base and summit o Two Saccheri quadrilaterals are congruent if they have congruent summits and summit angles. • Construction of o Perpendicular from a point to a line o Segment and angle bisector o Tangent to a circle through a point outside the circle o Inverse of point through a circle o Orthogonal circles • An Isometry in Euclidean geometry: o Can always be constructed from at most 3 reflections o Is a rotation if it has exactly 1 fixed point, a reflection if it has 2 but not 3 non-collinear fixed points, and is the Identity if it has at least three non-collinear fixed points o Can be represented by a 3x3 matrix of the form given in Section 5.7.1...
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This note was uploaded on 08/08/2009 for the course MATH 1 taught by Professor Malkin during the Spring '09 term at University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign.

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M2 Study Guide - it will be in the form of a problem -...

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