Eth125_week2_chapter 2

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Unformatted text preview: Prejudice Hate Crimes Prejudice and Discrimination Theories of Prejudice The Content of Prejudice: Stereotypes LISTEN TO OUR VOICES National Media Should Stop Using Obscene Words by Tim Giago The Extent of Prejudice The Mood of the Oppressed Intergroup Hostility Reducing Prejudice RESEARCH FOCUS Whats In a Name? Ways to Fight Hate Conclusion Key Terms/Review Questions/Critical Thinking/Internet ConnectionsResearch Navigator C H A P T E R O U T L I N E 2 2 ILA Because of permissions issues, some material (e.g., photographs) has been removed from this chapter, though reference to it may occur in the text. The omitted content was intentionally deleted and is not needed to meet the University's requirements for this course. I S B N :- 5 3 6- 1 2 7 1- 4 Racial and Ethnic Groups, Tenth Edition, by Richard T. Schaefer. Published by Prentice-Hall. Copyright © 2006 by Pearson Education, Inc. REJUDICE IS A NEGATIVE ATTITUDE THAT REJECTS AN entire group; discrimination is behavior that deprives a group of certain rights or opportunities. Prejudice does not necessarily coincide with discrimination, as is made apparent by a typology developed by sociologist Robert Merton. Several theories have been advanced to explain prejudice: scapegoating, authoritarian personality, exploitation, and norma- tive. These explanations examine prejudice in terms of content (negative stereotypes) and extent. Prejudice is not limited to the dominant group; sub- ordinate groups often dislike one another. The mass media seem to be of limit- ed value in reducing prejudice and may even intensify ill feeling. Equal-status contact and the shared-coping approach may reduce hostility between groups. In response to increasing diversity in the workplace, corporations and organizations have mounted diversity training programs to increase organizational effec- tiveness and combat preju- dice. There are also 10 identi- fiable steps that we as individuals can take to stop prejudice and hatred. P H I G H L I G H T S I S B N :- 5 3 6- 1 2 7 1- 4 Racial and Ethnic Groups, Tenth Edition, by Richard T. Schaefer. Published by Prentice-Hall. Copyright © 2006 by Pearson Education, Inc. 34 ethnocentrism The tendency to assume that ones culture and way of life are superior to all others. n a social science laboratory at the University of Colorado, Boulder, subjects in an experiment played video games as researchers recorded their moves. Presented with a rapid-fire series of pictures showing Black and White men holding various objectscell phones, cameras, wallets, gunssubjects pressed one button if they considered a character harmless and another button to shoot characters they believed to be armed. Researchers were studying peoples split-second reactions to tests of deci- sion making involving race and the potential for violence. When they analyzed the results, they found that the subjects, most of whom were White, had reacted more quick- ly to pictures of Black men with guns than to pictures of White men with guns. Subjectsly to pictures of Black men with guns than to pictures of White men with guns....
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