{[ promptMessage ]}

Bookmark it

{[ promptMessage ]}

notes - Big words PREDICT CONTROL adapt change Psychology =...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
1/22/09 Big words: PREDICT, CONTROL, adapt, change Psychology = science of behavior and mental processes (don’t need the history portion) o Behavior – anything an organism does o Mental processes – internal, subjective… o Sensations, perceptions, dreams, thoughts, beliefs, feelings o Science – a way of asking and answering questions; sift opinions and evaluate ideas with careful observation and rigorous analysis Psychological Associations and Societies o American Psychological Association is the largest organization of psychology with 160,000 members world-wide, followed by the British Psychological Society with 34,000 members. Psychology’s Big Debate: Nature vs. Nurture o Darwin stated that nature selects those that best enable the organism to survive and reproduce in a particular environment o Ex: big beak, little beak finches on different islands o Adaptive Psychology’s 3 Main Levels of Analysis o Behavior or mental Process o Psychological Influences Learned fears, expectations Emotional responses Cognitive processing and perceptual interpretations o Biological Genetic predispositions Genetic mutations Natural selection of adaptive physiology and behavior Genes responding to the environment o Social-cultural Presence of others
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Cultural, social, and family expectations Peer and other group influences Compelling models (such as the media) Psychology’s Current Perspectives o Neuroscience o How the body and brain enables emotions How are messages transmitted in the body? How is blood chemistry linked with moods and motives? o Evolutionary o How the natural selection of traits promotes the perpetuation of one’s genes How does evolution influences behavior tendencies? o Behavior Genetics o How much our genes and our environments influence our individual differences o Psychodynamic (Freud) o How behavior springs from unconscious drives and conflicts o Behavioral o How we learn observable responses How do we learn to fear particular objects or situations? What is the most effective way to alter our behavior (lose weight, quit smoking)? o No thinking o Cognitive o How we encode, process, store, and retrieve information How do we use information in remembering? Reasoning?
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}