Notes - Big words PREDICT CONTROL adapt change Psychology = science of behavior and mental processes(don't need the history portion o Behavior

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1/22/09 Big words: PREDICT, CONTROL, adapt, change Psychology = science of behavior and mental processes (don’t need the history portion) o Behavior – anything an organism does o Mental processes – internal, subjective… o Sensations, perceptions, dreams, thoughts, beliefs, feelings o Science – a way of asking and answering questions; sift opinions and evaluate ideas with careful observation and rigorous analysis Psychological Associations and Societies o American Psychological Association is the largest organization of psychology with 160,000 members world-wide, followed by the British Psychological Society with 34,000 members. Psychology’s Big Debate: Nature vs. Nurture o Darwin stated that nature selects those that best enable the organism to survive and reproduce in a particular environment o Ex: big beak, little beak finches on different islands o Adaptive Psychology’s 3 Main Levels of Analysis o Behavior or mental Process o Psychological Influences Learned fears, expectations Emotional responses Cognitive processing and perceptual interpretations o Biological Genetic predispositions Genetic mutations Natural selection of adaptive physiology and behavior Genes responding to the environment o Social-cultural Presence of others
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Cultural, social, and family expectations Peer and other group influences Compelling models (such as the media) Psychology’s Current Perspectives o Neuroscience o How the body and brain enables emotions How are messages transmitted in the body? How is blood chemistry linked with moods and motives? o Evolutionary o How the natural selection of traits promotes the perpetuation of one’s genes How does evolution influences behavior tendencies? o Behavior Genetics o How much our genes and our environments influence our individual differences o Psychodynamic (Freud) o How behavior springs from unconscious drives and conflicts o Behavioral o How we learn observable responses How do we learn to fear particular objects or situations? What is the most effective way to alter our behavior (lose weight, quit smoking)? o No thinking o Cognitive o How we encode, process, store, and retrieve information How do we use information in remembering? Reasoning? Problem solving?
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This note was uploaded on 08/12/2009 for the course PGS 101 taught by Professor Blan during the Spring '08 term at ASU.

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Notes - Big words PREDICT CONTROL adapt change Psychology = science of behavior and mental processes(don't need the history portion o Behavior

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