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BIOL125_Ch5 Review - BIOL 125(Microbiology Review Chapter 5...

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BIOL 125 (Microbiology) Review Chapter 5: Survey of Eukaryotic Cells and Microorganisms WRITING TO LEARN (Text Page 154) 1. Review the major similarities and differences between prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells. 2a. Which kingdoms of the five-kingdom system contain eukaryotic microorganisms? 2b. How do unicellular, colonial, and multicellular organisms differ from each other? 2c. Give examples of each (Question 2b). 3a. Describe the anatomy and functions of each of the major eukaryotic organelles. 3b. How are flagella and cilia similar? How are they different? 3c. Compare and contrast the smooth ER, the rough ER, and the Golgi apparatus in structure and function. 4. Trace the synthesis of cell products, their processing, and their packaging through the organelle network. 5. Describe some of the ways that organisms use lysosomes. 6. For what reasons would a cell need a “skeleton?” 7a. Differentiate between the yeast and hypha types of fungi cells. 7b. What is mold? File: df1519105b832787dcc80cc2d127b25e8f9bdb70.doc Updated 8/14/09
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Review Chapter 5 Page 2 7c. What does it mean if a fungus is dimorphic? 8a. How does a fungus feed? 8b. Where would one expect to find fungi? 9a. Describe the functional types of hyphae. 9b. Describe the two main types of asexual fungal spores and how they are formed. 9c. What are some types of conidia? 9d. What is the reproductive potential of molds in terms of spore production? 9e. How do mold spores differ from prokaryotic spores? 10a. Explain the importance of sexual spores to fungi. 10b. Describe the three main types of sexual spores, and construct a simple diagram to show how each is formed. 11. How are fungi classified? Give an example of a member of each fungus Phylum and describe its structure and importance. 12. What is a mycosis? What kind of mycosis is athlete’s foot? What kind is coccidioidomycosis? 13. What is a working definition of a “protist?” File: df1519105b832787dcc80cc2d127b25e8f9bdb70.doc Updated 8/14/09
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Review Chapter 5 Page 3 14a. Describe the principle characteristics of algae that separate them from protozoa.
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