CJ 501 #10.docx - EADING ASSIGNMENT#10 CHAPTER#19...

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EADING ASSIGNMENT #10 - CHAPTER #19 - Sentencing and Punishment Points: 75 Due date: April 15, 2019 Time: 11:59 P.M. **************PLEASE DO NOT COPY/PASTE ANSWERS, IF THERE ARE SIGNS OF THIS YOU WILL RECEIVE ZERO POINT. PLEASE DEFINE TERMS AND ANSWER QUESTIONS USING COMPLETE SENTENCES. Define Key Terms: boot camp- a military training camp for new recruits, with strict discipline. a prison for youthful offenders, run on military lines. a short, intensive, and rigorous course of training. capital punishment- the legally authorized killing of someone as punishment for a crime. community service- unpaid work, intended to be of social use, that an offender is required to do instead of going to prison. concurrent sentencing- When a criminal defendant is convicted of two or more crimes, a judge sentences the defendant to a certain period of time for each crime. consecutive sentencing- which run one after the other. In Wilkinson, Justice Leben of the Kansas Court of Appeals remarked; "Concurrent sentences all share the same clock: the defendant serves only the longest sentence as less serious ones tick away alongside it. constitutional rights of prison inmates- Federal and state laws govern the establishment and administration of prisons as well as the rights of the
inmates. Although prisoners do not have full constitutional rights, they are protected by the Eighth Amendment's prohibition against cruel and unusual punishment. corporal punishment- physical punishment, such as caning or flogging. Crime Victims’ Rights Act (CVRA)- The CVRA enumerates the rights afforded to victims in federal criminal cases. ... The right to full and timely restitution as provided in law. death penalty- the punishment of execution, administered to someone legally convicted of a capital crime- A crime, such as murder or betrayal of one's country, that is treated so seriously that death may be considered an appropriate punishment. definite sentencing- A jail or prison sentence that is definite and not subject to review by a parole board or other agency. For example, a sentence of six months in the county jail is determinate, because the prisoner will spend no more than six months (minus time off for good behavior, in some situations). determinate sentencing- is the process of a court assigning a set prison term to a convicted offender. For example, determinate scentence would see an offender being sentenced to two years in prison, rather than “up to two years,” which would allow for an early release.
Federal Death Penalty Act (FDPA)- provides several specific aggravating factors, such as murder of a law enforcement officer or multiple murders committed at the same time. Federal Sentencing Reform Act of 1984- part of the Comprehensive Crime Control Act of 1984, was a U.S. federal statute intended to increase consistency in United States federal sentencing.

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