# notes 3 - E12 Labor Variances The easiest way to solve this...

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E12: Labor Variances The easiest way to solve this problem is to use the general model for variance analysis and fill in the missing pieces. AH × AR (Actual hours of input × Actual rate) 110,000 hours × \$4.25 = \$467,500 AH × SR (Actual hours of input × Standard rate) 110,000 hours × \$4.20 = \$462,000 SHA × SR (Standard hours allowed for actual output × Standard rate) 100,000 hours × \$4.20 = \$420,000 Labor rate variance 110,000 hours × (\$4.25 – \$4.20) = \$5,500 U Labor efficiency variance \$4.20 × (110,000 hours – 100,000 hours) = \$42,000 U

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Total direct labor variance: \$47,500 U a. Standard labor hours allowed for output (100,000 hours): The standard direct labor hours allowed for output is computed by multiplying units produced (50,000) times standard hours allowed per unit (2). b. Actual labor cost per hour (\$4.25 per hour): This is total actual direct labor costs of \$467,500 divided by total actual direct labor hours incurred (110,000). c. Actual labor cost per unit (\$9.35 per unit): Since 50,000 units were produced, actual direct labor costs per unit are \$467,500 divided by 50,000
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