American Revolution

American Revolution - Revolution: Great Britain and America...

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Unformatted text preview: Revolution: Great Britain and America in the Eighteenth Century I. British Politics Prior to the American Revolution Glorious Revolution Whigs Tories I. British Politics Prior to the American Revolution The House of Hanover George I 17141727 German dynasty I. British Politics Prior to the American Revolution George II 17271760 Salutary Neglect Baby sitter analogy II. European Wars 16891763 (British v. French/Spanish) King Williams War--War of the League of Augsburg (16891697) League of Augsburg formed against France Britain part of League Balance of Power British colonists fight French colonists II. European Wars 16891763 (British v. French/Spanish) Queen Anne's War--War of Spanish Succession (17021713) Louis tried to put grandson on Spanish throne Britain and others tried stopped it Balance of power British colonists fight French colonists II. European Wars 16891763 (British v. French/Spanish) King George's War--War of Austrian Succession (17401748) Frederick the Great (Prussia) attacked Silesia Maria Theresa (Holy Roman Emperor) France sided with Prussia Britain sided against British colonists fight French colonists Diplomatic Revolution after the war Before Diplomatic Revolution Prussia France Britain Hapsburgs--Austria After the Diplomatic Revolution Britain Prussia France Hapsburgs Russia II. European Wars 16891763 (British v. French/Spanish) French and Indian War--Seven Years War (17561763) British and French colonists start fighting in 1754 Frederick the Great Attacks Hapsburgs in Europe A world war?? The Seven Years War 17561763 The Miraculous Year--Britain took French North America Also triumphed in India Super power on the verge of colonial greatness Before and After Seven Years War III. Regulating the British Empire The Burdens of Empire War debt, greater responsibility Other nations looking to jump on Britain Balance of power Britain could not handle what it had won III. Regulating the Empire The House of Hanover George III 17601821 Active interest No more salutary neglect British Whig Politics Rotten Boroughs III. Regulating the Empire Mercantilist regulations Raising revenues Limited westward movement Americans' view of Seven Years War British View Before and After Seven Years War IV. The Causes of the American Revolution A Word About Support How many colonists supported the Revolution? Political Causes Historic rights of Englishmen Real Whigs Taxation without representation Stamp Act 1765 Actual v. virtual representation Quartering Soldiers in homes Quartering Act 1765 Enlightenment political theory Natural rights Contract theory of government "We hold these truths ... "life, liberty, pursuit of happiness" "Real Whigs" Economic Causes Mercantilism Navigation Acts Taxes for regulation Taxes to raise revenue Pros and Cons of Mercantilism Guaranteed profits and monopolies Lack of economic freedom Colonists felt used Religious Causes--Puritan Calvinist view of Total Depravity Limited Government Initiative and selfreliance "City on a Hill" Religious Causes--Revivals Great Awakening 1730s1760s Jonathan Edwards d. 1758 George Whitefield d. 1770 First national event Civic Millennialism Social Causes Common Americans v. Aristocratic Parliament Scots, ScotsIrish, Germans v. English Demographic/Geographic Problem Too many Americans--2 million Governed by 8 million Brits Colonies a long way away from Britain Nationalistic Colonists began to see themselves as different from the British V. Why did the American's win? "The World Turned Upside Down" About what you would expect? VI. Conclusion Levi Preston "We had always governed ourselves and always meant to. They didn't think we should." ...
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This note was uploaded on 08/22/2009 for the course HIS 1307 taught by Professor Gawrich during the Spring '08 term at Baylor.

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