Cold War (1945-1989)

Cold War (1945-1989) - The Cold War(1945-1989 I Overview...

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Unformatted text preview: The Cold War (1945-1989) I. Overview Ideological and diplomatic war between U.S. and Soviet Union (U.S.S.R.) Weapons Threat of war Covert support of friendly regimes Moral rebuke Economic sanctions, boycotts, etc. Historiography (Interpretation) Original interpretation--Soviets at Fault New Left of the Sixties--U.S. at fault Recent--both sides at fault II. Pre-Cold War Relations Bolshevik Revolution (1917) Red Scare (1919) World War II Allies by necessity Second Front Controversy (1941-1943) Stalin v. FDR and Churchill Eastern Front U.S. and Britain did not participate Yalta (Feb 1945) Agreements Charter for United Nations Divide Germany Punish high ranking Nazis Disagreements Eastern Europe left unresolved Potsdam (July 1945) Truman instead of FDR Clement Atlee instead of Churchill Germany had surrendered No need for alliance anymore Previous agreements affirmed No agreement on Eastern Europe III. Round One (1945-1950) "like two big dogs chewing on an bone" William Fulbright Iron Curtain Speech (Churchill, 1946) Consolidation of West Germany (19471948) Soviet Response--Closed off Berlin Berlin Airlift (June 1948-May 1949) Truman Doctrine (1947) Greece and Turkey Truman U.S. must be prepared to aid all governments threatened by totalitarianism from without or within. Containment Policy George Kennan U.S. must be prepared to use "unalterable counterforce" to contain spread of Communism. Marshall Plan Korean War (1950-1954) 1949 Soviets get atomic bomb China goes Communist "We've lost China..." North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) IV. Cold War Stalemate (1950s1960s) Death of Stalin (1953) Bay of Pigs (Cuba, 1961) Cuban Missile Crisis (1962) Third World Vietnam War (1954-1974) Berlin Wall (1961) John F. Kennedy--"Ich bin ein Berliner." Sino-Soviet Split (1962) V. Seventies : Dtente Dtente Richard Nixon and Leonid Brezhnev SALT I Treaty 1972 Nixon and the China Card Jimmy Carter (1977-1981) Soviet Invasion of Afghanistan 1979 VI. End of Cold War Ronald Reagan (1981-1989) Military Buildup "Tear down this wall." Mikhail Gorbachev (1985-1989) Perestroika (economic restructuring) Glasnost (Openness) 1989 Speech (end of Brezhnev Doctrine) 1989: Year of Revolution Poland Solidarity Hungary Czechoslovakia Vaclav Havel Velvet Revolution Romania Nicolae Ceausescu d. 1989 Berlin Wall November 9-10, 1989 Germans on top of Berlin Wall, November 1989 Removing Berlin Wall December 21, 1989 Break up of Soviet Union (19901991) Boris Yeltsin (1990) August Coup (1991) Baltic Republics Georgia Ukraine Uzbekistan others VII. Non-western world Since WWII 1. China Revolution of 1912 Kuomintang WWII Communist Revolution Mao Tse Tung d. 1976 1949 Collectivization of Agriculture Great Leap Forward Cultural Revolution (1960s) Red Guards Little Red Book (Thoughts of Chairman Mao) People's Liberation Army (PLA) Tiananmen Square (1989) Tiananmen Square (1989) China Since Tiananmen Square Increasing openness but still repression and human rights violations Economic Development Increasing free market activity but still Communist 2. Africa: Decolonization Pan-Africanism Africa Before Decolonization Africa after Decolonization 3. India Mohatma Gandhi d. 1948 Non-violent Civil Disobedience Independence (1947) Partition (1948) East Pakistan (Bangladesh) West Pakistan (Pakistan) Assassination 4. Middle East Israel (1947) Palestinian-Israeli Conflict VII. Conclusion Things can and do change. And sometimes much more rapidly than we think possible. Living in a postmodern world The Clash of Civiliations (??) The End of History (??) ...
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