Liberalism and Nationalism Lecture Outline

Liberalism and Nationalism Lecture Outline - 6/30/09 1 2 3...

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6/30/09 1 Liberalism I. Introduction—Review of Liberalism ! Until 1848 Liberalism and nationalism went hand in hand ! After this they are often divorced from one another Marks of Liberalism ! Freedom ! Natural rights ! Innate goodness of human beings ! Progress ! Secularism ! Faith in education II. Rise of Liberalism ! Bourgeoisie ! Glorious Revolution (1688) ! American Revolution (1775-1783) ! French Revolution (1789) ! Britain, France, U.S. • Laws made by elected officials, free speech, press, religion, assembly • Pro-constitution Laissez faire Rise of Liberalism ! France • Most conservative of liberal states ! U.S. most radical (frontier) ! Britain • Typical (??) III. Liberalism in 19 th Century Britain ! Need for Reform (1800) • Calls for freedom of press • Religious freedom • Parliament controlled by aristocracy ! Whigs and Tories • Began in the Glorious Revolution • By 1800 were modern political parties • Whigs—liberals 1 2 3 4 5 6
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6/30/09 2 • Tories--conservatives Reform Bill of 1832 1. Transferred more power to House of Commons 2. Extended the vote to nearly all property owners 3. Reduced number of rotten boroughs • This increased representation in urban centers Reform Bill of 1867 ! Workers rioting and striking ! Passed by Conservative (Tories) 1. Increased electorate by 88% 2. Abolished all rotten boroughs • Made representation equal • Women and some farm workers still could not vote IV. William Gladstone (1809-1898) ! Britain’s Leading Liberal ! Four times prime minister ! Got more liberal with age ! Evangelical Christian ! Sought more rights for more people
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Liberalism and Nationalism Lecture Outline - 6/30/09 1 2 3...

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