The Renaissance

The Renaissance - I Introduction On Being Western General SelfConsciousness The PreModern worldview Elements of the PreModern worldview Historical

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Unformatted text preview: I. Introduction On Being Western General SelfConsciousness The PreModern worldview Elements of the PreModern worldview. Historical Periods Ancient Medieval (Middle Ages) Early Modern 15001715 Earliest to A.D. 500 Early--5001000 Late or High Middle Ages--10001500 Modern--1715?? Postmodern--?? Renaissance Dates 13001600 Reformation--15171648 Overlap with Medieval and Early Modern Overlap with Renaissance II. Four Facets of the Medieval Worldview 1. 1. 1. The Role of Power and Prowess An Idealistic View of the Past The Age of Faith--Supernatural as Natural Pain and Suffering as Normative 1. III. The Italian Renaissance Rebirth of the view of man--Individualism Rebirth of Intellectual Life--Humanism Rebirth of Culture--Secularism Individualism The Pitfalls of Individualism Benvenuto Cellini, d. 1571 Positive Side of Individualism The Renaissance Man He was a scholar, athlete, politician, artist, musician and lover all rolled into one Leon Battista, d. 1472, exclaimed, "Men can do all things if they will." Individualism Leonardo da Vinci, d. 1519 Individualism Most famous paintings of Leonardo "Mona Lisa" "Last Supper" in the Louvre in France after having been purchased for 4000 florins by Francis I Individualism The Renaissance for Women Intellectual RebirthHumanism Ancient manuscripts Humanism Boccaccio, d. 1375 Decameron Became so enthralled by humanism that he quit writing Italian literature Rebirth of CultureSecularism The Arts Michelangelo d. 1564 Sistine Chapel Ceiling Sistine Chapel Ceiling Secularism "You will be remembered only as the man who broke my nose." Michelangelo to Torrigiano Torrigiana Secularism "David" 18 feet tall "The Giant" Secularism Literature Giovanni Boccaccio, d. 1375 The Decameron Chaucer, d. 1400 Canterbury Tales Machiavelli, d. 1527 The Prince IV. The Northern Renaissance Less secular More Christian Spare and Exuberant Humanists (Crane Brinton d. 1968) The Issue was authority Exuberant: Spare: Rejected authority per se Rejected wrong authority Looked for a better source of authority than that which existed in their own day Similarities and Differences with Italian Renaissance Southern Renaissance Interested in pagan classics This worldliness Nonreligious individualism Similarities and Differences with Italian Renaissance Northern Renaissance Interested in Christian classics More criticism of the church because they desperately desired reform They asked why the church was not what it had been in early Christianity, not what the New Testament called for These Christian humanists will be the forerunners for the Reformation Famous Christian Humanists 1. Thomas More, 14781535--"A Man for All Seasons" Famous Christian Humanists Thomas More Utopia: Literally "the land of no where some where" Like Plato's Republic 2. Erasmus of Rotterdam, 14661536 "Prince of Humanists" Famous Christian Humanists Erasmus: Education Famous Christian Humanists Educated by brethren of the Common Life, Augustinian monastery and was eventually ordained Lived as a Christian humanist scholar Famous Christian Humanists Erasmus: The Praise of Folly The Praise of Folly Satiremakes goodnatured fun of human weaknesses Pokes fun at pseudointellectuals and professors who think they are very wise but His aren't Takes aim at indulgences and those who put faith in them as well as priests who sell them Erasmus: Greek New Testament, 1516 Famous Christian Humanists Textual comparison One of the outstanding achievements of biblical scholarship of all time. V. Later Renaissance Literature France Francois Rabelais Gargantua and Pantegruel Gargantua and Pantegruel Introduction Good friends, my Readers, who peruse this Book, Be not offended, whilst on it you look: Denude yourselves of all depraved affection, For it contains no badness, nor infection: `Tis true that it brings forth to you no birth Of any value, but in point of mirth; Thinking therefore how sorrow might your mind Consume, I could no apter subject find; One inch of joy surmounts of grief a span; Because to laugh is proper to the man. Later Renaissance Literature Was Rabelais an Atheist? See Lucien Febvre (d. 1956), The Problem of Unbelief in the Sixteenth Century. Later Renaissance Humanists Don Quixote, an emancipated knight, goes about Spain with Sancho Panza, a plebian on a donkey They engage in all sorts of adventures The work is a satire of what was left of medieval chivalry Don Quixote "tilting at windmills" "Quixotic"--idealism without practicality; in search of unreachable goals Later Renaissance Literature Machiavelli, d. 1527 The Prince First work of modern (?) political science. Conclusion The Coming of the Reformation The major Christian humanists we studied today, Erasmus and more, stayed within the church In the sixteenth century, Christian humanists like Martin Luther and John Calvin would lead a break with the church that will produce Protestantism Age of Transition Medieval Synthesis Coming Apart The medieval synthesis was based on the Church, and Church authority was on the wane Rationalism, skepticism, and individualism began to take over It was more like our world than the medieval world Maybe Karl Jaspers Quote "Who I am and where I belong I first learned from the mirror of history" IV. Why Study all this? 1. 2. To find your place in this world. History is indispensable for the liberal arts. Journalist George Will (Ph.D. history) Secular philosopher Karl Jaspers George Will Quote "The study of history, or even of one great event, is chastening because it teaches the unpredictable relatedness of things, and the inability to subdue life's contingencies. That is why history is the best undergraduate major and should be a prerequisite IV. Why Study all this? 1. 2. To find your place in this world. History is indispensable for the liberal arts. Journalist George Will Christian historian Philip Schaff Secular philosopher Karl Jaspers Schaff Quote "History is, and must ever continue to be, next to God's word, the richest foundation of wisdom, and the surest guide to all successful practical activity." IV. Why Study all this? 1. 2. To find your place in this world. 3. History is indispensable for the liberal arts. History can make you beautiful--help you grow up. Secular philosopher Karl Jaspers Journalist George Will Christian historian Philip Schaff V. Conclusion Cicero Cicero Quote "Not to know what happened before us is to remain a ...
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This note was uploaded on 08/22/2009 for the course HIS 1307 taught by Professor Gawrich during the Spring '08 term at Baylor.

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