The Concert of Europe Lecture Outline

The Concert of Europe Lecture Outline - 6/30/09 1 2 3...

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6/30/09 1 Battle of Bordino, September 1812 ! Russia—42,000 casualties out of 112,000 ! France and allies—58,000 ! September 14—Napoleon entered Moscow ! Moscow deserted and burned ! Alexander won’t make peace ! Napoleon has to retreat Retreat from Russia ! Russian troops harrass from the rear ! Nieman River ! 40,000 left out of original 600,000 ! Return to Paris to build new Army Battle of Nations (1813-1814) ! Russia, Austria, Prussia ! Napoleon defeated at Leipzig (October 1813) ! Peace Negotiations ! Napoleon would not agree to terms ! Invasion of France ! Robert Castlereaugh (British) ! “20 years of war” ! Exile ! March 31, 1814 ! Attempted suicide ! Elba Napoleon on the loose ! Escape ! March 1815 ! March to Paris ! Amassed a new army ! Louis XVIII fled ( brother of Louis XVI) ! 100 days ! March 20-July 8, 1815 Battle of Waterloo ! Seventh Coalition 1 2 3 4 5
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6/30/09 2 ! Britain, Austria, Russia, Prussia, etc. ! Wellington (British) ! St. Helena Waterloo Longwood House, St. Helena Napoleon at St. Helena The Concert of Europe 1815-1848 I. Introduction to Concert of Europe ! Period of calm, conservative reaction ! The Age of Metternich ! No major wars in Europe ! Principle of enlightened self-interest II. The Congress of Vienna (1814-1815) ! Starts the Concert ! The Significance of the Vienna Settlement ! Peace of Westphalia (1648) ! Peace of Utrecht (1713) ! Peace of Paris (1763) ! Peace of Versailles (1919) ! A Lavish Affair ! “high society and low diplomacy II. The Congress of Vienna: Principle Actors and What Each Wanted ! Robert Castlereaugh d. 1822--Britain ! "not to collect trophies, but to bring peace." ! No more dictators like Napolean ! Balance of Power II. The Congress of Vienna: Principle Actors and What Each Wanted
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