By Enwrx J. FBulNnnJn.,. It's hard to imagine now, but at onetrme evenso ardent an anticommunist asWhittaker Chambers believed the Westwas on the losingside of history. If wedidn't succumb to communism.certainlywe would be consumedby a home-grown form of socialism. TheGreat Depressionand two world warshad left few willing torefute theidea that biggovernment was need-ed to order human soci-etv.Friedrich A. Hayek-born 100 years ago tomor-row-was willing to questionthe prevailing wisdom. Hisseminalwork, "The Road to Serf-dom,' published in 1944, chal-lenged the economic and potiticaltheories of his day by assertingthat central planning and individ-ual freedom could not coexist. Forpenning such heterodox notions as"a policy of freedom for the individ-ual is the only truly progressiVe pol-icy,' Hayek earned a prophet's reward: Fint hewas scorned, then ignored.Fortunately, Hayek lived to see his rep-utation restored, first in 19?4 when hewasawarded the Nobel Memorial Prize in Eco-nomic Sciences, and later when GeorgeBush awarded him thePresidential Medalof Freedom. And althougtr his books re-main conspicuously absent from the re-quired-reading lists of most universities,this courtly Austrian-born British citizenremains one of our century's most influen.
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Ludwig von Mises, Margaret Thatcher, nonconformistobservations Hayek, Von Misesand Hayek