Lec24 - University of California Berkeley Civil Engineering...

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University of California, Berkeley Professor Ken Johnson Civil Engineering 70 Engineering Geology Civil Engineering 70 Lecture 24 11/20/07 Alaskan Oil Pipeline o The entire pipe was put on stilts because the oil comes out of the ground hot due to the geothermal gradient. So putting it underground would melt the permafrost and therefore causing the pipeline to move around underground from the stability issues Resources o Uranium-oxide is the biggest remaining source of Oil o Anticlinal trap Oil percolate up the permeable rock layer and gets stopped by impermeable shale at the top of the anticline Oil and gas accumulates here Coal o Fueled the industrial revolution o Oil surpassed coal because it’s easier to transport and burn cleaner o Peat Lignite Bituminous Anthracite Increase metamorphism increases heat capacity and density 50meter thick layer of peat can become less than 5m thick of anthracite coal o Anthracite Coal Burns really well Lecture # 1 of 4 #/#/07 Written By Raymond Leung
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Lec24 - University of California Berkeley Civil Engineering...

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