Midterm 1 KEY, Fall 2008

Midterm 1 KEY, Fall 2008 - Part A Scantron multiple choice...

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: Part A. Scantron, multiple choice. 40 points total (2 points per question) AI. The two components of indices or measures of biological diversity that we have considered in this class are: - recc..,t\ t\-.e. ~e..~Vl.O- l,..V\'e.Y\e<"' cL'~d"'l t'l/fcley.. F a. Latitude and evapotranspiration. cL:<;c.~~ t'V\ le c.'\V\"e) Stud" SU Ide.. 1. Z ~3 b. The Hadley cells and higher tropical richness. v-V\c1 v'!:>e.c1. ~'V\ tv-~""1.. ) c. Species richness and the biomes. @Relative abundance and spec~ss. e. Relative abundance and the biomes. '-- Q.'tt/CA\17 -#= 6~ 5~c\·t'c;. A2. More bi~logically diverse communities ~!~.:. ._ • l ('Q-\c;.. ~~ a..\o4A~V\ce.- ,a. more speCIes. - t(\.Je... ~\- ct\~o t(\~ oJ\. . I' curves of relative abundance versus species rank that more tend torard conyex or l z do- ~ norizontal than concave or steeply linear. ~tso ~\ 5e e... C'H.JCI~ O:::,\.J 1(Je. ¥- -ec.tvres ~ c. curves of relative abundance versus species rank that more tend toward concave or steeply linear than horizontal or convex. d. horizontal numbers of species. J I lr-:: I C) & b. / !JTJ.-/ \fS.; ~ A3. The most diverse terrestrial biologi~l communiti~s occur. - s~~~fe-v'\ ~\;c.~ 'Z<!-3) a. in the arctic.- ~t.y1L<"'.\\i ve<'( ~ ~~U\€S C. b. in the temperate zone. _ cc...V\ 'w::-ve- (A (o~ o~ ~~ec..\B;) 'ou\- '(\c>i o-.~ Y"\0¥..'1 0..'5 evn the wet tropics. d. where the poleward air from the Hadley cells descends. e. where the storm tracks from the Polar cells create most rain. A4. What kinds of macroscopic organisms compris~ the ~arg€1st slice of sp,ecies diversity? ':> a. Vertebrates - t; c e ex. veS i,'.t;.V\ ~ d'f\ ~ttJr;('f Gv 1'c1 e.. ~ \e-c-~~ 2 J-,.:) b. Bats .-7C\ cJ.\.:e..~e. L)\U..JPc:R- MO-M~\s)~+-Vte>t-~5 eP,·v-e...P;e... c.c; l'tdC;~C.'f5 (S)Insects, Centipedes, &'Millipedes -., 'I (,ItA w,'t\ 1e.c..,V\ ~ c\wv+ ~I'S 1'V\ zc d. Land plants -?ove-.r \~il kCv\ k~ -spe.c\·e s e. Fungi. - \-\.--.1''7 t,Nc..S ~'SD V\"-e..{\h'CtAd (fA (ec.~ AS. The most p~te differences among biomes are caused by )") '(CJl,.. Y\ eecJ-.. to 'ct: VII' e.W' 've.c- .a. global variation in the geographic distribution of the landmasses ~+ ~~'~ie.. ~G\V\$'-' b. global variation in the distribution ofij.fe on earth w ~ iwtt<et.t,:o..~ CaVC7e c. biologicaldiversity. -'" te..~ j{-o~ \\-e.. \o\t,vW2...) \1 I) '- ~ Cc ... <..PSe. ~global variation in temperature and moisture. -7 ~ ...- . I " , lDc...L ~ / I . e. c & d. '7tucA1 ~ V\'cJe. b ~ .1lAl\: ...... '-t C:JLe.C? ~ a .. v~~ ~ is )~ see- S\''y.;\ t{l'~' \ ,'Vy\Ioe..."7 ('n ~ 5~~ ~ lc...~ ~~Se5'-)S'o I1cf- ~
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1":'"""" J: n- 6~ \v.. ~. ~ \e c\t,A'e... -; r 75 ee, J. ~\A A6. Global patterns among the biomes show) t7\U"'"'\ a. rough positive correlations among species richness of macroscopic species, evapotranspiration, and GPP. -~ b. rough positive correlations among species richness of macroscopic species and evapotranspi~ation, and dec!easjng~.., V\l\.e~Yl<;' Ie-'S'; ~\\ oeJ...e.\...'u,,~ ~ 01" twe.. c. more speCIes at lower latItudes _J A_' . -,) Y1 ~-"? ~-r- ro-IYlQ:,.je..ST C< vEL hz.r .... , d. more GPP where more species occur. . .-\'\ C. c.. (9, c, & d. - .... ) o-.l~ h'vt.-) ~1·S"'e.e ~~~"v"'1"" vv-erre- ~c..V\I·'71"'\ "? A 7. The Hadley cells, which drive g!obal atmo~pheric circulatjon, have - ~ t;;tLd. LA a. falling moist air at the equator. ~\'S ~ .C"", d.l'c~ ~ .. CV\ ee.~ l~ ~CXl. b. moist air streaming poleward at high altitudes.- ~o\e~ fevl.el to \'~(\.I c.
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