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Chapter 7Q 1: What features do cervical, thoracic, and lumbar vertebrae have in common (except C1 and C2)?A: Spinous process, vertebral foramen, body, superior articular processes, inferior articular processes,lamina, pedicleQ 2: Even if all vertebrae have these features, are the features identical (shape, size, orientation)? Canyou make a list of differences between cervical, thoracic, and lumbar vertebrae?A: The features are not identical, and can be used to differentiate cervical, thoracic, and lumbarvertebrae.TypeCervicalThoracicLumbarBodyOval and smallcompared to vertebralforamenHeart shaped, largecompared to vertebralforamenVery large, thick, heavy,broad ovalVertebral foramenTriangular, large andbroadCircular and relativelysmallTriangular but muchsmaller than body, verystretchedSpinous process
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Anatomy,Vertebra,Lumbar vertebrae,Bones of the torso,Cervical vertebrae,Vertebral foramen