ENG 101-08 NOTES
PROFESSOR: LEAH STEGMAN
January 14, 2009
: The faculty (or ability) of discovering all the available means of persuasion in a given
situation (to come up with ways of persuading someone to think a certain way).
*States Ms. Stegman has lived in: Ohio, Michigan, Kentucky, Nebraska, Virginia, Pennsylvania,
Rhode Island, Missouri, Indiana, Wisconsin, Maryland
could be extra credit on the Final.
January 16, 2009
Began about 4500 BC in ancient Greece. When Greece was at war, they would
appoint a tyrant to be the leader. It was because it would be more efficient,
Today, we think of “tyrant” with a negative connotation. Back then, it was just
someone who had absolute power.
The tyrant was supposed to give power back when the war ended. They made
changes sometimes. Example: they would distribute land to people. This led to
property disputes after the war.
Rhetoric is not the formal logic of proving things. There is always going to be a
counterargument about probabilistic – informal logic.
Who are you persuading? What might the opposing positions be? How would you respond?
Two ways to go about finding the best means of persuasion
Audience: depending upon your audience, your argument could change.
Purpose: why are you writing this? What are you trying to do? What are you
trying to convince? Your argument would be different depending on the purpose.
originated with Aristotle’s Appeals
: Literally, means word. In this context, it means reason, logic, intellect.
An appeal to reason will show exactly why it’s reasonable to pursue this course of
: Literally, means emotions.
An appeal to emotion will move people to act. Usually use vivid imagery so
others an sympathize.