Socilology lecture notes - April 21, 09 Chapter 16: The...

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April 21, 09 Chapter 16: The Economy of Work The economy is the social institution that organizes a society’s production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services. Debates re Gov’t Roles How much should the government intervene? Financial- regulation Autos- Incentives to buy, scrap -government loans conditional on reduced wages ($78 or 57 an hour for CAW & Chrysler?) Opening story, 1993 - Downsizing, layoffs - Restructuring - Migration to work e.g. Quebec to New England (New Hampshire, Mass.) The Economy: Historical Patterns -Hunting and gathering -Agricultural Revolution- created surplus which allowed job specialization, permanent settlements, and trade -Industrial revolution (mid 1700s) brought change Post-Industrial Economy (information revolution, 1950’s) -Characterized by automated machinery, service work, robotics, and information technology Shift from - tangible products to ideas - mechanical to literacy skills - factories to everywhere Patterns of Economic Sectors over time and countries 1. Primary(extracting raw materials): Down from 41% in 1871 to 4% in 2001 2. Secondary(manufacturing goods from raw materials) Stable at 22% in 1871 to 22% in 2001 3. Tertiary (service): Up from 36% in 1871 to 74% in 2001 The Global Economy
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- Primary raw material extraction in poor vs. services(tertiary) in rich countries - Products pass through several nations - National governments have less control - Large Companies exercise more control - Low wages, high unemployment in low income countries. Economic Systems Capitalism - Private ownership of property - Pursuit of personal profit - Competition and consumer choice Socialism - State/govt/peoples ownership - Pursuit of societal good - State/govt planning Communism: goal is social equality to be achieved by gov’t/people ownership. April 28, 2009: Chapter 17: Politics and Government Government is a social institution that distributes power, sets societies goals and makes decisions. Power: ability to achieve goals, despite resistance. - Authority: Legitimate power Political Systems/Authority -Monarchy: Traditional authority where power legitimized by tradition. A single family rules over generations. Democracy: power shared by people. Leaders enforce part discipline, and bureaucrats make many decisions. Rational-legal: E.g. Democracy where power legitimized by legally enacted rules and regulations. Authority Charismatic: Extraordinary public abilities (e.g. Speech). E.g. Pierre Trudeau, Barrack Obama, Rev. MLK
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Authoritarianism: Leader decides Totalitarianism: One party that closely regulates peoples lives Politics in Canada -Federal Politics: 10 provinces and 3 territories - Appointed Senate with 105 seats -Elected House of Commons with 308 seats -55 founding First Nations with inherent right to self-government Political Parties
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This note was uploaded on 08/26/2009 for the course ENGLISH 145 taught by Professor Low during the Spring '09 term at École Normale Supérieure.

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Socilology lecture notes - April 21, 09 Chapter 16: The...

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