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Unformatted text preview: Discussion Section
BBH 310w Purpose of the Discussion Comes after the result section Restates the hypotheses Explains findings Provides implications Provides study strengths and weakness Gives recommendations on future directions Discussion: Restate Purpose Hypothesis Short review of research question EXAMPLE The purpose of this research was to examine how effective the use of peer educators are on changing sexual behaviors among adolescents. We posit that using peers, especially popular student among grade 10-12 students as peer educators in teaching safer sex practice would be more effective than using teachers or older students Discussion: Findings Give a summary of the results Revisit significant results in more detail EXAMPLE Unlike the comparison group, the program group report change in sexual behavior of 67.5%, which is significant. Program participants had a high score of 78% on knowledge about STIs, especially HIV... Discussion: Findings (cont.) Be selective in choice of words Avoid using "value" words, e.g. "good, excellent, etc." Use words like "acceptable & significant" Do NOT just restate the inferential statistics presented in the results Discussion: Implications
Identify how the results relate to the study purpose State whether or not the results support the hypothesis Discuss the broader meaning of the results extrapolate to the general population Give all possible explanations for the results Be creative, Be objective Discussion: Implications (cont.) Make sure your extrapolation is reasonable and not farfetched. It is important to understand that there is a limit to how much you can generalize your results Do not over-generalize Discussion: Strengths & Weakness Point out strengths, e.g., what did you study contribute to the literature (what was new) Present limitations, e.g., difficulties with...
study design measures number of participants Possible bias effects Unexpected findings from study Discussion: Future Directions Based on your findings, make recommendations for future research Provide future directions Make suggestions on how to expand what you have done Discussion: Conclusion Cohesive summary statement of overall conclusion based on the study's findings APA Tables and Figures APA Tables and Figures Tables APA Manual pgs. 147-76 APA Manual pgs. 176-201 Figures In a manuscript tables and figure can be in-text or at the end of a section Tables come before figures if presented at the end of a section APA Tables Tables should be well balanced in comparison to text Tables should be able to stand alone and be understood without the text Examples of different table types are provided on pages 149-54 in the APA manual APA Table Format Number all tables in the order they are referred to in the text Tables should have a clear explicit title Be concise in column titles in tables Condense titles/grouping categories where possible 1.5-2x space each line APA Table Information Be consistent in use of significant digits throughout Don't include columns of data that can be easily ascertained from others Be as concise as possible APA Table Example APA Figures Are an addition to not repetitive of text Give additional information Have a purpose and are well represented Are not confusing or garbled Samples on Pages 180-86 APA Figure Example ...
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- Spring '07