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Unformatted text preview: BBH 310W Writing Lab
October 10th, 2008 Methods Methods Usually comes after the introduction in journal articles (not always seen in review articles) May be referred to in some journals as `Procedure,' `Apparatus'. However in most cases, procedures and apparatus are generally listed under the main heading: Methods Informs reader about how study or experiment was conducted Method cont. Independent variable and Dependent variable are identified and operationalized Contains details on type of Design (experiment, quasi-experiment, nonexperimental design) Contains details on participants used in study/experiment Explains procedure employed in study Explains measures and/or apparatus used Types of Design Experimental Design Random assignment used Control group used involves measurement between groups Quasi-Experimental Design Random assignment NOT used Control group used Involves measurement between groups Types of Design cont. Non-Experimental Design Random Assignment not used NO Control Group Measurement only Examples are : Cross-sectional or Longitudinal design Participants Describes the population from which the sample was chosen Describes the sample itself (Mean age, # of Men versus Women, demographics, etc.) Contains details on how participants were recruited for the study/experiment Measures Include measure of main dependent variable surveys Questionnaires May put newly designed questionnaires in the appendix (if applicable) Apparatus (if applicable) Any materials used during the study (hardware, software, etc.) Describe any materials designed for the study Procedure Should answer these questions: How were the conditions administered? How were the participants randomized? Explain the Briefing and/or Debriefing procedures Give highly detailed account of the standardized events of the study APA Style Lecture
APA Running Headers APA Running Headers APA Manual pgs. 12 & 296 Purpose: For publication to help identify the manuscript to the reader as they are reading it Structure: Abbreviated title which appears at the top of the page of published work The running header should be a MAXIMUM of 50 characters including letters, spaces between words, and punctuation. All letters in the running head are CAPITALIZED Replaces header on top of pages in published work Headers vs. Running Heads vs. Titles Titles are: Full Length Centered on Title page Ex: "The relationship between smoking, drug use and the sex lives of European adults " Running head is: Left Justified Top of Title page Not in "header" box All Capitalized No more than 50 characters Ex: "SMOKING, DRUGS, SEX AND EUROPEAN ADULTS" Headers Right justified on pages of manuscript with page numbers Usually 2--4 words from the Running Head Margins 2007 Header 2007 Page # 2007 ...
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This note was uploaded on 08/26/2009 for the course BB H 310W taught by Professor Saltsman,brian during the Spring '07 term at Pennsylvania State University, University Park.
- Spring '07