theories_in_ethics_1

theories_in_ethics_1 - Theories in Ethics Utilitarianism...

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Theories in Ethics Utilitarianism Ends-based system Act and Rules based Act Utilitarianism o Act for greatest good for the greatest number o Ends-based system Ends justify means
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o Strengths Benevolent—tries to do good. It’s rational. Decisions based on calculations Flexible, responds to situations
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o Weaknesses Future (consequences) hard to predict Incommensurability problem ($ = life?) No special obligations (e.g., Mother/child) Can be inconsistent Inclines toward injustice
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Rule Utilitarianism o One should act according to rules that, if you and everyone else always acted upon them, would produce the greatest amount of happiness for the greater number of people. o One should act in accordance with rules that maximize good.
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o Strengths Benevolent Rational Consistent Fair (Justice) Special obligations included in rules
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Weaknesses Not necessarily situational Future (consequences) hard to predict
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theories_in_ethics_1 - Theories in Ethics Utilitarianism...

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