theories_in_ethics_2

theories_in_ethics_2 - o American Anthropological Society...

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o Kant: Categorical Imperative "Act only according to that maxim whereby you can at the same time will that it should become a universal law." "Act in such a way that you treat humanity, whether in your own person or in the person of another, always at the same time as an end and never simply as a means." "Therefore, every rational being must so act as if he were through his maxim always a legislating member in the universal kingdom of ends."
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WD Ross—Prima Facie Duties o No absolute duties, conditional o In day to day life, any two or more duties may conflict 1. fidelity 2. reparation 3. gratitude 4. beneficence 5. non-malficence 6. justice 7. self-improvement
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Principles of Moral Relativism Different cultures have different moral rules. There are no fair, unbiased procedures for saying one set of rules is better than another. Our own culture's moral code is not superior. There are no Universal Truths 1947 UN debate on universal human rights
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Unformatted text preview: o American Anthropological Society issues statement that morality is dependant on culture • Moral codes determine what is right to do within a given society. • It is arrogant and wrong to judge the conduct of others. We should be tolerant of other cultures. • If this is so, we could no longer say that some moral codes are morally inferior to others?--Is slavery wrong?--Is racial bigotry wrong?--Is it wrong to kill female infants because they are female? • Problems with Moral Relativism o Right is determined by conformity to social standards. If beating a wife is the social standard, it is OK. o Moral progress is an illogical concept. If current codes are "right," then they can't be made better. • The value of moral relativism o Our own moral codes may be influenced by our cultural circumstances rather than objective standards. o Keep an open mind. Learn from the diversity of perspectives....
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