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vulnerable_populations

vulnerable_populations - Ethics and Human Research...

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Ethics and Human Research: Vulnerable Populations Definition: HHS and IRB pregnant women/fetuses, infants/children, prisoners, mentally challenged Broader categories: lack of autonomy in some form o Those who cannot speak for themselves Dying/brain dead Illiterate Fetus/infant
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o Those vulnerable to authority because of illegal or immoral activity Drug users Prostitutes Illegal immigrants Others?
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o Institutionalized populations Prisoners Mentally ill Elderly Mentally handicapped/incapacitated
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Other “institutions?” - Military - Schools - ?? o Children
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o Populations are vulnerable because they lack complete autonomy in at least 1 category Intentionality (brain dead or incapacitated, fetus, elderly?) Understanding (mentally incapacitated/challenged, mentally ill, children) Free of external constraints (prisoners, military, mentally ill or challenged, physically incapacitated, children?) Free of internal constraints (mentally ill, military?, children?)
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o Understanding/Free of internal constraints competence Ability to make and be held accountable for own decisions Decision making capacity -
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