2. Rock and Roll 1950 -1970 - Rock and Roll Characteristics...

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Unformatted text preview: Rock and Roll Characteristics of rock music At first, rock music generally followed a 4/4 beat and used only two or three chords in its melody. The songs were simple, repetitive, and easy to remember. Most of them were only two or three minutes long. Rock lyrics express a wide range of emotions and ideas. Early rock songs dealt with such themes as cars, girls, boys, dances, and the joy of being young. Later, rock songwriters broadened their range to include everything from world politics to highly personal poetry. Musical roots. Blues, jazz folk and spiritual Rock in the 1950's The major rock 'n' roll explosion began with Elvis Presley. His first major success came with his 1956 recording of "Heartbreak Hotel". Another important influence on rock music was St. Louis blues artist Chuck Berry. He was the first of the great rock songwriters. Heartbreak Hotel Well, since my baby left me, I found a new place to dwell. Its down at the end of lonely street At heartbreak hotel. You make me so lonely baby, I get so lonely, I get so lonely I could die. And although its always crowded,You still can find some room. Where broken hearted lovers Do cry away their gloom. You make me so lonely baby,I get so lonely,I get so lonely I could die. Well, the bell hops tears keep flowin, And the desk clerks dressed in black. Well they been so long on lonely street They aint ever gonna look back. You make me so lonely baby,I get so lonely,I get so lonely I could die. Hey now, if your baby leaves you, And you got a tale to tell. Just take a walk down lonely street To heartbreak hotel. His lyrics effectively expressed the feelings and problems of youth. Berry's first hit was "Maybellene" (1955). Bill Haley and the Comets became the first famous rock band. Their recording of "Rock Around the Clock" was the first international rock hit. It was used as the theme song for The Blackboard Jungle, a 1955 motion picture about juvenile delinquents. The song contributed to rock 'n' roll's reputation as music of rebellion. Maybelline, why can't you be true?Oh Maybelline, why can't you be true?You've started back doing the things you used to do As I was motivatin' over the hillI saw Maybelline in a coup de ville A Cadillac arollin' on the open road Nothin' will outrun my V8 Ford The cadillac doin' 'bout ninetyfive She's bumper to bumber rollin' side by side Maybelline, why can't you be true?Oh Maybelline, why can't you be true?You've started back doing the things you used to do Pink in the mirror on top of the hill It's just like swallowin' up a medicine pill First thing I saw that Cadillac grille Doin' a hundred and ten gallopin' over that hill Off hill curve, a downhill stretch Me and that Cadillac neck by neck Maybelline, why can't you be true?Oh Maybelline, why can't you be true?You've started back doing the things you used to do The Cadillac pulled up ahead of the Ford The Ford got hot and wouldn't do no more It then got cloudy and it started to rainI tooted my horn for a passin' lead The rain water blowin' all under my hoodI knew that was doin' my motor good Maybelline, why can't you be true?Oh Maybelline, why can't you be true?You've started back doing the things you used to doThe motor cooled down, the heat went downAnd that's when I heard that highway soundThe Cadillac asittin' like a ton of leadA hundred and ten a half a mile aheadThe Cadillac lookin' like it's sittin' stillAnd I caught Maybelline at the top of the hillMaybelline, why can't you be true?Oh Maybelline, why can't you be true?You've started back doing the things you used to do Television had replaced radio as the chief producer of drama and variety entertainment, and many radio stations began to play rock to capture an audience Disc jockey Alan Freed popularize the name rock 'n' roll with his radio program, "Moondog Rock 'n' Roll Party." Rock 'n' roll also lost many of its stars and creative forces toward the end of the 1950's. In 1958, Elvis Presley was drafted into the United States Army Jerry Lee Lewis caused a scandal by marrying his 13-year-old cousin. In 1959, Chuck Berry was arrested Buddy Holly and singer-guitarist Ritchie Valens died in an airplane crash, Little Richard left music to study for the ministry. British Invasion and Rock's Revival The Beatles, a group from England, returned excitement to rock 'n' roll in the early 1960's their first hit was "Love Me Do" in 1962. Their American breakthrough came with "I Want to Hold Your Hand" in 1964. Beatlemania was the term generally used to describe the excitement generated by the Beatles The Rolling Stones were the most significant group that followed the Beatles. Love Love Me Do Love, love me do.You know I love you, I'll always be true,So please, love me do. Whoa, love me do. Love, love me do.You know I love you,I'll always be true,So please, love me do. Whoa, love me do. Someone to love,Somebody new.Someone to love,Someone like you.Love, love me do.You know I love you, I'll always be true,So please, love me do. Whoa, love me do.Love, love me do.You know I love you,I'll always be true,So please, love me do. Whoa, love me do.Yeah, love me do.Whoa, oh, love me do. Bob Dylan The third major force in the rock of the 1960's was Bob Dylan. The strong social message of Dylan's songs influenced many musicians. Dylan helped swing the balance of popularity away from the British and back to American musicians. Folk music fans turned to Dylan for his protest songs. These songs protested what many people considered the wrongs of society, such as racial prejudice, poverty, and war. Some Dylan songs, such as "Blowin' in the Wind" (1962) and "A Hard Rain's A-Gonna Fall" (1963), achieved wider popularity through versions by such artists as Peter, Paul, and Mary and Joan Baez. They helped make Dylan the leading writer of protest songs. Dylan had one of his first and biggest rock hits in 1965 with "Like a Rolling Stone." Dylan's ambitious, poetic lyrics set to a rock beat produced a style known as folk rock. Folk rock was the first major challenge to rock's domination by the British. Blowin in the Wind How many roads must a man walk down Before you call him a man? Yes, 'n' how many seas must a white dove sail Before she sleeps in the sand? Yes, 'n' how many times must the cannon balls fly Before they're forever banned? The answer, my friend, is blowin' in the wind,The answer is blowin' in the wind. How many times must a man look up Before he can see the sky? Yes, 'n' how many ears must one man have Before he can hear people cry? Yes, 'n' how many deaths will it take till he knows That too many people have died? The answer, my friend, is blowin' in the wind,The answer is blowin' in the wind. How many years can a mountain exist Before it's washed to the sea? Yes, 'n' how many years can some people existBefore they're allowed to be free? Yes, 'n' how many times can a man turn his head, Pretending he just doesn't see? The answer, my friend, is blowin' in the wind,The The Times they are a Changin Come gather 'round people Wherever you roam And admit that the waters Around you have grown And accept it that soon You'll be drenched to the bone.If your time to you Is worth savin' Then you better start swimmin'Or you'll sink like a stone For the times they are a-changin'. Come writers and critics Who prophesize with your pen And keep your eyes wide The chance won't come again And don't speak too soon For the wheel's still in spin And there's no tellin' who That it's namin'. For the loser now Will be later to win For the times they are a-changin'. Come senators, congressmen Please heed the call Don't stand in the doorway Don't block up the hall For he that gets hurt Will be he who has stalled There's a battle outside And it is ragin'. It'll soon shake your windows And rattle your walls For the times they are a-changin'. Come mothers and fathers Throughout the land And don't criticize What you can't understand Your sons and your daughters Are beyond your command Your old road is Rapidly agin'.Please get out of the new one If you can't lend your hand For the times they are a-changin'. The line it is drawn The curse it is cast The slow one now Will later be fast As the present now Will later be past The order is Rapidly fadin'.And the first one now Will later be last For the times they are a-changin'. Rock was featured in a number of popular stage works, including Hair - 1967. Progressive Rock - Hendrix and British guitarist Eric Clapton began stretching a single song to about 10 or 20 minutes Some of their music was also called acid rock, after the illegal drug LSD, or "acid," which was popular among some rock fans. She asks me why...I'm just a hairy guyI'm hairy noon and night; Hair that's a fright.I'm hairy high and low, don't ask me why; don't know!It's not for lack of breadlike the Grateful Dead; darling gimme a head with hair, long beautiful hair shining, gleaming, steaming, flaxen, waxen give me down to there, hair!shoulder length, longer (hair!)here baby, there mama, Everywhere daddy daddyCHORUS:Hair! (hair, hair, hair, hair, hair, hair)low it, Show it; Long as God can grow it, My Hair!Let it fly in the breeze and get caught in the trees Give a home to the fleas in my hair home for fleas, a hive for bees nest for birds, there ain't no wordsFor the beauty, the splendor, the wonder of myCHORUS want it long, straight, curly, fuzzynaggy, shaggy, ratty, mattyFily, greasy, fleecy, shiningGleaming, steaming, flaxen, waxenKnotted, polka-dotted; Twisted, beaded, braidedPowdered, flowered, and confettiedangled, tangled, spangled and spaghettied!-oh, Say can you see; my eyes if you can,Then my hair's too short!Down to here, down to there,Down to where, down to there;It stops by itself!oo doo doo doo doot-doot doo doo doot They'll be ga-ga at the go-goThen they see me in my togay toga made of blond, brilliantined, Biblical hairy hair like Jesus wore itHallelujah I adore itHallelujah Mary loved her sonWhy don't my Mother love me? California Another popular musical style of the 1960's was the California sound called surf music. The Beach Boys and The Mamas and Papas became popular surfer music groups Little surfer little one Made my heart come all undone Do you love me, do you surfer girlSurfer girl my little surfer girl I have watched you on the shore Standing by the ocean's roar Do you love me do you surfer girlSurfer girl surfer girl We could ride the surf together While our love would growIn my Woody I would take you everywhere I go So I say from me to you I will make your dreams come true Do you love me do you surfer girl Surfer girl my little surfer girlGirl surfer girl my little surfer girl Girl surfer girl my little surfer girlGirl surfer girl my little surfer girl Soul The 1960's was also the peak period for soul music. Soul music developed from the emotional rhythm and blues style, but it had a smoother sound and more widely pleasing melodies. Primarily black artists recorded it, but it found wide popularity among both black and white listeners. Leading Motown artists included Marvin Gaye, Diana Ross and the Supremes, and Stevie Wonder. WHAT'S GOIN ON (Al Cleveland/Marvin Gaye/Renaldo Benson) Mother, mother There's too many of you crying Brother, brother, brother There's far too many of you dying You know we've got to find a way To bring some lovin' here today - Ya Father, father We don't need to escalate You see, war is not the answer For only love can conquer hate You know we've got to find a way To bring some lovin' here today Picket lines and picket signs Don't punish me with brutality Talk to me, so you can see Oh, what's going on What's going onYa, what's going on Ah, what's going onIn the mean time Right on, baby Right onRight on Father, father, everybody thinks we're wrong Oh, but who are they to judge us Simply because our hair is long Oh, you know we've got to find a way To bring some understanding here today Oh Picket lines and picket signs Don't punish me with brutality Talk to me So you can see What's going on Ya, what's going on Tell me what's going on I'll tell you what's going on Uh Right on babyRight on baby Woodstock 1969 Other rock music inspired public protest against such social and political problems as racial prejudice and the Vietnam War. Toward the end of the 1960's, rock's various styles came together at massive outdoor rock festivals. The most significant rock festival was the 1969 Woodstock. It was dedicated to world peace. The event drew more than 300,000 fans and featured three days of top rock talent. It included such performers as the Grateful Dead, Jimi Hendrix, Jefferson Airplane, and blues singer Janis Joplin. QuickTimeTM and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are needed to see this picture. QuickTimeTM and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are needed to see this picture. QuickTimeTM and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are needed to see this picture. Rock Music in the 1970's By the conclusion of the Vietnam War, more than 58,000 Americans and millions of Vietnamese and other Indo Chinese would die. The war would also indirectly take the lives of four students enrolled at a Midwestern university in Kent, Ohio.On Friday, May 1, a day after Nixons televised address, students at Kent State University organized a demonstration to protest the invasion of Cambodia, which included burying the United States Constitution in front of the Victory Bell on the university Commons. The following Monday, May 4, an estimated crowd of 2,000-3,000 gathered on the Commons to continue their protest. Shortly after noon, members of the Ohio National Guard, which had been dispatched that weekend to control acts of civil disobedience, encountered the crowd (Kent State University. Department of Special Collections & Archives, n.d.)Before the confrontation ended, four unarmed students would lie dead and nine would be wounded. This Pulitzer Prize winning photo by John Filo shows Mary Ann Vecchio screaming as she kneels over the body of student Jeffrey Miller at Kent State University on May 4, 1970. National Guardsmen had fired in to a crowd of demonstrators, killing four and wounding nine. QuickTimeTM and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are needed to see this picture. Students running for cover in a Kent State parking lot QuickTimeTM and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are needed to see this picture. An injured student being given first aid QuickTimeTM and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are needed to see this picture. Ohio CSNY Tin soldiers and Nixon's coming, we're finally on our own. This summer I hear the drumming, four dead in Ohio. Gotta get down to it, soldiers are cutting us down. Should have been done long ago. What if you knew her and found her dead on the ground? How can you run when you know? Gotta get down to it, soldiers are cutting us down. Should have been done long ago. What if you knew her and found her dead on the ground? How can you run when you know? Tin soldiers and Nixon's coming, we're finally on our own. This summer I hear the drumming, four dead in Ohio, four dead in Ohio, four dead in Ohio, four dead in Ohio, how many more? Four dead in Ohio, four dead in Ohio, four dead in Ohio, home many more? ...
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This note was uploaded on 08/26/2009 for the course MUS 111 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '07 term at Southern Illinois University Edwardsville.

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