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20a. Twentieth Century Music - Vaughn Williams(England Bela...

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Twentieth Century Music
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The music of the 20th century is a series of 'isms' and 'neo-isms'. The rough energy of Stravinsky's The Rite of Spring was labeled neoprimitivism ; The emotional tones of early Schonberg were given the label expressionism ; The return to cleanly structured forms and textures was called neoclassicism. Debussy's music was labeled impressionism .
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All of these labels came (and are coming) as an attempt at orientation in the heterogeneous world of music in the 20th century.
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During the first half of the 20th century, nationalism continued to have a large influence, the study of folk songs enriched the music of many composers, such as that of Ralph
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Unformatted text preview: Vaughn Williams (England), Bela Bartok (Hungary), and Aaron Copland (USA). • Jazz and popular music had a strong influence on many "serious" composers, whether in America or Europe. • The advance of technology has also had an enormous impact on the evolution of music in this century, electronically generated sounds along side classical instruments, and the use of computers to compose music. Important Composers • Béla Bartók • 1881-1945 • Igor Stravinsky • 1882-1971 • George Gershwin • 1898-1937 • Aaron Copland • 1900-1990 • John Cage • 1912 • Philip Glass • 1937...
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