Chapter 11 Outline - SPC 103 Chapter 11 Outline...

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SPC 103 Chapter 11 Outline Interpersonal Relationships: Growth and Deterioration I. Relationship development A. Theories hearing on relationship development (in other units) 1. Uncertainty reduction theory 2. Social penetration theory 3. Relationship dialectics theory 4. Rules theory B. Attraction theory 1. Attractiveness: physical appearance and personality a) Physical attraction b) Personality or behavior attraction 2. Proximity a) People who become friends are those who have the greatest opportunity to interact b) Proximity allows you to get to know the other person better, thereby predicting their behavior better. Because of this they seem less frightening than strangers c) “Mere exposure” to others leads to positive feelings about them. Exposure increases attraction when the initial interaction is favorable or neutral 3. Similarity a) Attraction to persons very similar to yourself allows you validate yourself a being worthy of being liked. Matching hypothesis- predicts that although you may be attracted to the most physically attractive people, you will date and mate with people who are similar
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to yourself in physical attractiveness. b) Prestige, money, power, intelligence, and various personality characteristics may compensate for a lack of physical attractiveness c) Attitude similarity, especially significant in initial attraction, seems to predict relationship success d) The more intellectually similar people are, the more they are alike in the way they see the world and the greater their interpersonal mutual attraction e) Complementarity- “opposites attract”; people are attracted to dissimilar others in certain situations 4. Affinity-seeking strategies increases your attractiveness C. Social Exchange theory 1. Based on an economic model of profits and losses; claims that you develop relationships that enable you to maximize your profits 2. Rewards - Costs = Profits 3. You seek relationships that will give you the greatest profit 4. Comparison levels; your realistic expectations of what you feel you deserve from a relationship 5. When rewards equal or surpass the comparison level, you
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This note was uploaded on 08/26/2009 for the course SPC 103 taught by Professor Hayes,d during the Spring '09 term at Southern Illinois University Edwardsville.

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Chapter 11 Outline - SPC 103 Chapter 11 Outline...

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