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MT 1 - Q alol L asks 51015 ltldterrrrt Holiday Nov 05 200 9...

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Unformatted text preview: Q alol L asks, 51015 ltldterrrrt. Holiday Nov. 05, 200? 9] Which oi the following best describes the esthenosphera? a} brittle 1] Which of these is NOT considered a natural disaster? n} elastrc a) earthquake c} ductte D) limd in 513099 c) volcanic eruption a} transparent d) sinking 91 mg Tijanic a) severe alarm to] On what time scale do spring tides occur? a} twicedally 2] In which area does a natural disaster typically cause the most expanetva losses? in} twice weekly a) Europe cl Moe mainly b) Atrial d} Mice in 10 years :1 China e) spring tides only Occur an the Moon d) LQ e) Indonesla 11] Which of those Is NOT evidence for continental drift? a} Eanh's magnetic polar wander curves do not match 3) Which type of energy is stored in a resting loaded aprlng? bi giac'ol stnatlon (grooves) on continents on both side at an ocean at Heat c) flljlglal rebound bl Klneiic d} same fossils on continents on no": side 01 an ocean c] Potential (3} Latent Halli 12] Which are the three typea of plate boundary? a} right-taleral. loll—lateral and shear 4} Why is water able to more much rrKJre heat than many other substances? Because of its b} mnygmgnt, diggmgnl and traneiarm a} high inmmpmssmiiily C} DD. (low. sideways b} Lug h heal wait} di San Andreas Fault~ North Anatolian Faull. Dead Sea Transform Fault cl high tramparency d} high vismstly 13] What Is a tsunami? a) a rapidly matran lava [low 5} Which prom: produces Sun‘s energy? e) a rapidly,r moan monster storm 3} fission ci a rag'dlg mew-g ocean wave In] fusion d) a rapid Landslide in mountains c) {notion d) contusion 1‘] About how long does it take for a tsunami Io travel trom Hawaii to California [2400 miles)? a) 5mlnutes 6] What Is thought to have caused the tormation ot the Moon? bl 5.3—“ U’9 a) tides c) 5 days it] repeated collision of asteroids cl) 5 years c:- a Mars-9Q lflag during Earth's early tor-matron d} the solar wind 1 5} Which of these parameters DOES NOT control [he magnitude or intensity at an earthquake? u} Jupiter’s strong magnetic tieid a) taut! length b} durallon oi shaking T) Which at these celestial {heavenly} bodies is a gal giant? c} Santa mg winds a} Pluto d) mmber oi damaged buildings b} Juan er c) Demeler 151 What in expressed In the tz-atep Meroalii ecale? d} Xena a] Energy released by an earthquake 9) Venus in) Intemity oi a volcanic eruption c) extent oi damage to building and environment 8) What is Earlh'a weak shell called that is between 120 and 350m below the surface? a} asthenosghero 17] Which of these types of earthquake has no vertical movement? b} aimsphom a} tip—slip c) magnetosphere b} strikele d} stratosphere c) normal 9) lithosphere d) reverse 1s) Whatis the strike at a fault? at ih i n r t to N h hi the Inclination relative to the vertical c) the time when an earthquake happens (1) the coloration of the material wthin the tault 19) Which of these statements ls WRONG? a) stress is a Iorco that causes strain b) In is a for th uses sire c) stress released during an earthquake can increase stress on another tault d) stress can accumulate along a fault 20) Which of these seismic waves causes the most damage? a) shear waves b) compressional waves c) WBVQS d) primary waves 21) What kind of earthquake can trigger a tsunami? a) 111.1151 b) Transtorm c) Strike-slip d) all oithe above 0) none of the above 22] A minimum et stations are needed to locate the epicenter of an earthquake? a) seven h) m c) five d) ten 23) What are the three major killers associated with volcanic eruptions? a) lava flows. ash tall and hurricanes In W c) Inhars. tsunami and lava flows at ash tall. earthquakes and lightning 24) The two principal types of volcanoes are a) gimp and QMte volcanoes b) Plinlan and icelandic c) dormant and extinct volcanoes d) snow-capped and tropical volcanoes 25) Which two factors control the viscosity at lava? a) tQmEralure and gillg content it) silica content and density c) density and pressure d) temperature and Isostasy 26) Composite volcanoes are found mainly along subductlon zones. a) late b) Inise 21] What Is a Pllnian eruption? a) a particularly peaceful eruption b) rti vi tan l ru lion c) a volcanic eruption on Pllny. a satellite at Jupiter d] the anger outme of Pliny the Younger In Rome's senate 28) Which type of magma loads to particularly peaceful volcanic eruptions? a) silica-rich b) high-viscosity cl Liar-JIM d) low-temperature 29) What are the two majorprocesses that molt Earth's rock? a) solar radiation and heat I!) William c) decompression and shear d) hot spots and iusiorl 30) What Is a lahar? a) a very fast moving mix oi hot vdcanic gases and debris b) a volgnic mudfiow c) a volcanic eruption style it) a 18"“ century composer 31] Where would we find the Cascades? a) In the Himalayan mountains b) In the East Alrican Rilt c) on 139 MMtflg 3mg 911m Jugn-deFug graduction zone d) In do Club 32] Which of these hazards lo considered the most serious. if Mt. Rainier. WA would erupt? a) tsunami b) m c) unusually large amounts ot ms in the eruption doud d) lormation of a hurricane 33) Which two tomes act on a body that is sitting on a slope? at W o) rotational and potential toroo c) kinetic and momentum torco d) Vader and the dark force 34) A mass sliding down a slope without rotating GAINS which type of energy? a) potential I!) Kinetic c) rotational d) latent heat 35) In which or these cases does human activity LOWER the risk of mass movements? 3) increasing slope steepness b) adding mass to lhe top of a slump C) mm d) Increasing irrigation SJO‘l‘S thrermz. Wednesday Nov. 28, 200? 1) The Rose Canyon Fault Is a) the tool! that produced the latest earthquake In Northern California b) the hunt or a weather phenomenon in Souhern California c) an ancient. now Inactive earthquake lault east of 5312011 Sea d) an active egrthguake laul‘l within San Olflgg city Ilmlls 2] Which parts of San Diego could face liquefaction In an earthquake? a) the Granite Quarry in Mission Valley b) Misslon Bay c} Lindbergh Field Airport d) all of the above B] only b1 and c] 3] What brings most of the send to Le Jolla's beaches? a] blg storm wave from the west b) Mexican current from the south {2) oft-shore flow from the east a) glrturnia Current from the north 4] Which hazard does the outer bank of a meander term? 3) W b) too much deposition or Sediments c) tsunami d} all otthe above 5) Which at these is the most abundant element In Earth's slmosphers? El] Nitflgen b} Oxygen c) Carbon Dioxide d} Argon 6) What is the math consequence ot the greenhouse attest? a} heel ets ha a h'e surface b) more UV sunlight gets reflected back to space 6} more at Sun's radiation can penetrate the atmosphere at Earth‘s surtace is cooled to livable levels T] How do alr pressure and density change with altitude? :1) Increase exponentially with altitude b) degmggg gxpgenllally wrth altitude c} complicated function of allllude d] oonmant throughout atmosphere 3) Which II the atmospheric layer in which most at our Weather occurs? a) rnesosohem h) magnetosphere c) stratosphere G) "9135 photo 9) During whlch months does Antarctica typically experience its lowest temperatures? a) December - February b) M c) the lemporaruros in Anlarmrca don't change 19} How do oceans Influence climate along the coast? a) climate aooeteralor (Le. coast heats up quicker than inland] b} dimate moderator I . ast heats H gr rthan inland c) oceans do not Influence dimate 11) Seasonal changes in cllmale and weather are caused by a) merges in solar output t1} merges in Moon's position relative to Earth c) stages in the mltlm d Earth's 1mg sari {1515 relative to the Sun d) plate tedonrcs 9} changes in the planets posilr'on In the solar system 12) El Nino has something to do with a} reduced fish calm oil the coast of Peru b} Increased volcanism in Hawaii :3) drought In Tndone-sia dl atl ot the above e} only a and r: 13] What is the main scientific observation for an El Nlno? a} Increased volcanic activity h] Increased occurrence Ola Nor'easler C) WWWEQE a} reversed flow at tho Calitornla Current 14] What happens during a Pineapple Express phenomenon? a) an unusually cold. dry summer storm nits lhe West Coast b) an unusually 5am wet wrmer ston'n hits the West Coast c} an unusually wot hurncane nrts Hawaii d) unusually strong tornadoes hit the Midwest el Xmas presents In July 15] What Is the boundary between two air masses called? a} ataull b) efronl c} ediscontinurty d) adike 18] During evaporation. latent heat is released. a) true bilalse 1'” Which of those Is NOT associated with San Diego's Santa Ana metlwfl a} high temperatures o} high air pressure c] high winds ‘1} m h relatrve hlrrngity 18) Which way do the wtnds blow in a qrch in the northern hemisphere? a} tram low pressure to high pressure It!) clockwise c) oounter—clgkwisgg :1) east to west 19) Which at these is the relatively aalest place during a thunderstorm? a) paddling in a kayak in Missron Bay b) holding a gall dub on the Torrey Pines goti course c) seeking shelter under a mighty tree in the park it) sittlm in 9 car in the Mission Bay parking lot 9) on e surtboard in shallow water at the Scripps Beach 20) What scale gives estimated wind speeds in a tornado? a) Mercalli scale b) Fulita file c) Fuiiyarna scale it) lsuzu scale 6) Satsuma scale 21) Where In the U.S. do we find the highest number of tornadoes? a) Alaska to Greenland b) Calltornia to Washington c) Texas to Kansas d) Puerto Rico to Cuba 22) What malice tornadoes so dangerous? a) high winds and high predpitation tJ) BMW” c) high pressure and low winds d) low temperature and low pressure 23) What to found near the center at a tornado? a) high pressure 1)) pressure c) high precipitation in the term at hail d) Dorothy 24) Which of these is NOT a developing stage at a hurricane? a) tropical depression 1)) tropiml storm ‘3) NM d) tropical disturbance 25) Which 01 these does NOT contribute to a strong hurricane storm surge? a) high tides b) high winds 0) Emanumidlly d) low pressure 26) What was the reason why Hurricane Katrina 2005 was so devastating? a) a category 6 hurricane made lanotall o) the hurricane was so large that rt made landtall In 3 states Simultaneously c) levees broke in kg locations d) the hurricane spawned an unusual number at tornadoes e) the hurricane caused a mini ice age 27) What prevents hurricanes in tho East Pacific Ocean trom making landtall in Southern Califomla? a) W b) the warm Humboldt Current c) the Pineapple Express d) the tropical Jet stream 9) there are no hurricanes in the East Pacific Ocean 28) What Is the longitudinal profile? a) graph ot the flow velocity along the Calitornie Current b) graph 01 a hurricane path c) magi: oi the emotign along a stream or Mr (1) graph of the amount at runoti atter a rainstorm 29) Why is the Mississippi River such a mighty river? 0) highest ralniall on Earth at its spring b) It has a largg drainogg Main c) many hurricanes contribute to large discharge d) because it has so many steamboat casinos 30) Why does the Mississippi River form so many meanders downstream? a) it flows wer a highgradiont area D) W c) the Mississippi River has no meanders d) it does not have enough sediments to flow straight 31) Why Is the runott in urban areas higher than In rural areas? a) it rains more in the city o) cuties have more hurricanes C) WW :1) wind speeds are higher in the city a) less police patrolling the sheets 32) Why does San Diego have tlood control channels? a) San Diego has one at the highest precipitation rates in Calilornla b) the channels are remnants oi ancient. wetter times c) many hurricanes make landiall and bring devastating floods d) strung mmg gym at; mag new rain 9) the city installed them to replace the ailing water mains 33) What are the three legs of the the triangle? a) helicopter. tire engine. alr plane b) oxygen, [uelI heat c) manzanltas, eucalyptus trees. pine trees d) fire assessment. lire lighting. tire prevention 34) Which way does a fire spread taster? a) downslooe b) M c) nodliierence 35) What made the 2003 and 2007 Fires in San Diego county so devastating? a) extremely high humidity [1) severe lightning storms c) unusually strong low-pressure systems caused the air to be completely still 6) Wilton IMoN ll/gI/O‘II- 3PM I I I I I Ill “PM I I MT ‘I I ‘ I I I I I I g I I I I I I I c axll Izhcoilslqzfl (both S‘IdCs oIq I I I I I I I I . I “It” I»: . 1 . . I. . I . . I . .I . L I I I I I I 1 9) According to plaIn maon theory. which‘ene or the rollawing la ttI’ue? I :I I I I I I Wilts Mlurarmi, Friday Oct. 22. 2004 I I ‘ I ‘ a) Lithosphertc plates ttoat on theIhot asthenosphere and move about I I - I I I I 1) 3m°°nt1u7 ‘3 I “so "We" has "‘9 “latest tops of lite from natural disasters occurred? I I I b) Most earthq has at convergent bounderles are‘ trike-slip I I I a) Atrl ' I I I ‘ ’ I I Ic) Deep. mass Ia. earthquakes occur at spreading I nters I I II I b) NOi'l Amerlca I I ‘ I I ‘ ‘ Id) Contlnental crust becomes subducted beneath oIceanlc crust at trenches ‘ I c) Europe I ‘ ' I I I i I‘ I I l I I I a) Asia’ I I I I I I I I 1OJIThrust tIauttlhg to common at wlInt klnd ot plate boundary? I I I I I I I I I I ‘ Ia) TmnIstorm : I i 2) What la the energy or motion? I : - I I I ‘ I In) Convergent I I I ‘8) H03? I I I ’ I I I 6) owner“ I I I I I I b) KlneIttc I I I I Id) SMkb-sflp I ‘ II ‘ I ‘ c) Gravlty I I 1 I I I I’ I I I I I I I ‘ I In) Potential 2 I I I I' I I 11)The5anAndreasiswhatkh-rdotteult? I I I I a) No l dip-slip ‘ I ‘ i I I I In) TmTadlrrsllp I I ‘ I I I I I c) Lott leral strike-slip ‘ I I ; . I d) Right-lateral emits-slip I I I I I I ‘ l I I I I Win 1930 baIrttho parklrrg meters in Hawaii?‘ I I I I I a) Rowdy college students I I I 4) More energy reaches Earth's surface trorn lnslde then from outside I II I » I b) She ng from a powertul local earthquake I ‘ I ‘ Ia) TmaI I I I I I I I l Ic) A T I naml I "I I I r b) False ‘ I I ‘ I d) Magma tram nearby volcanic cruptlon _ I ' I I I I I I ' i I l I 5) The HydIologlc Cycle doecrlbee I I I I I ‘ l ‘ 13) What loIthe most common cause of an earthquake? t I a) The ‘clrcuiatiOn ot water through envlrorlinents at Earth's surface I I I- I Ia) Volcanic eruption I I I I 3) The EarlI'l's rnierIrai anarIry la arn‘aost entirely from what oburcee‘II I ‘3) Radioactivity. the Sun. nuclear fusion I I I b) Primordial meteor and asteroid impacts. radioadivlty. gravltatlonal collapse ‘ c) Nuclear tuslon. chemical reactions. plate tectonlcs I " I I d) Nuclear luslon. meteor and asteroid Impacts. grovltatlondl collapse b) The flow at rock In the aslhendsphere as Earth's plates move b) Rearrangement of atoms at great depth In the Eilth I c) The drculatlon at liquid rock ln Earth's outer core I I I c) Sudden sllp along an existing or new term I I ‘I I I d) How some wet sells turn to liquid when shaken end wentuelly become solIld agaln I I I d) MeteIor Impail I I I I I II I I I I I ‘ I I l . I I I . 6) Which ot the toilovlring observations suggested that the conunt were once joined together 14) The first-arrivan seismic wavee‘ere what kind? ‘ I I In a euperoontlnent? I I I Ia) Compress I body waves I I I 2 I I I Ia) Meteor tmpacl craters are uniformly distributed around the world I' I I I I I ll) Sheer body as I I ' I II I b) The continents fit together lllta‘jlgsaw pieces I ‘ Ic) Rayblgh surface waves I c) Rocks from gladers are lured near the equator d) Love surtace waves d) The same last food restaurants are tound all over the world I ‘ L 'I I ‘ I I ' I I I I I I I ‘ II ‘ I ' 15) A mass re of a earthquelte'e elze based on visual obee‘rvatlonsot damage I T) The seafloor etrtpee are I I ‘ a) Mercalli intensity scale I I I l a) Magnetlzed bands at rock parallel to the seafloor ridges that give evidence that the geomagnetic I I b) Richter scale I I I I I I I field has reversed In the past and the seafloor is spreading I I I I c) Wreckter sea 9 I I I I I I b) Bank: or rock at the seafloor that have preeervdd ancient species ot marine plants Ihnd animals ‘ I a) Selsjrnlc morrIent scale I ‘ I and show us how these spedes have evolved as the seafloor has spread ‘ I I I I I I c) An ancient myth I I I I 181m natural ported of a building depends on what? I I I d) Alternatth colors at basaltlc rocks at thIe seafloor ridges ' I j I I ‘ I Ia) The dlswnceItrom thejeplcenter I I I II I I I I b) The height and strength of the building I I a) The seafloor rldgee are ‘ ' I I I c) How hard the seismic waves shake the bullding I I I I a) HotIIsnallow. seismlcally active. young I I I I I I I I I I I I I b) Sardmlcaliy inactive but volcanlcally active I I II I I I I I 171‘ in 1985. MexicoIcrty wall seriouon damaged by Ian earthquake because“: c) Not Iwell understood as they are hurled deeply beneath sediments Ia) The earthquake occurred diredty beneath the city I I I d) Relatively Old but still hot and seismlcally active I 'I I b) The eartho ke strudt late at night when rescue services were not available I I I I I I ‘ I I ‘ I I I I Ic) The city ‘is l I ed on sediments that reIsonate and llquety when sIlaken I I I I I ‘I I I I L I IIII.III II I 1a} A Teunaml!wave Is caused Ly whetkind o! ram-quake? I I . | a) Thrusl I ' - - h) Strike-st c) Translohn 191A Tsunemliwave would like approximately how long to II-av'el from Chlle to flew"?- a) About "laments b] Abom 18 minutes (:1 AbouMhours' I I (1) mm 25am I . - . 20] Where remarkable about the Parkfield area? e} H was struck by a giant Isunami - - In) Site at [he met earthquakes tostrjka within LLB. I I I c) Magnlmda 6 and above eanhquakm were atn'Iosl regular during last 100 years I d) Earthquakes can' no molded pma'seiy 21} What are [he three Us that control a volcanic: eruption? a) vodlclly.‘ volatiles and viscosity | I I b) visooslly, volatiles and volume I c) vdumm vigor and Vin Diesel :1) Hum. velod'ly and III-istpsity 22) Which of the" mateth has the hIghesI vI'smuty-II ' ' a) Coldrock . b} watet c} hall-Ia).I . . _ . - . d} cookle dough 1n lhe own . ! 231W'I'Ilch are the two factors Hui auntie! the viscosity of lava? a} temperature and water I . I - I o} sulca oonlenl one] [emperature I I c) location and temperature” ' ' ' I d} densfly and COR)! I 2‘} What are the three malor killer: in voloanII: eruptions? o) lava flows. ash fall and tsunaml I . I | - b] lahars. Inunaml and lava {laws I I c) ash tall. earthquakes and nghII-Iing d} tsunamiI indirect {uilmele change] and pyrqclastlc flows 25] Mt. St. Helena II a 4hiold volcano. I l a} true I - I bi Iafsa 26} What kl thq VEI? a) Virtual ElectronIc Index It} Volmnlc Explost Index 3] Volcanic Emission Instrument d] Vulcan Ear Implant i a) Ml. Hollywood. 2053 b] Yallowshne. 650,000 yuan ago :1 Mt. St. Helena. 1980 II) www.11an I . 29) How much 1' the tote! volca‘hlc activity ocular! In mid-ocean ridges? a} 50% ' b) 10% I ' c} Isms or room -I d) 10% - 301‘“?! Is a lath: flow?! a) a fast Ing mature of water and volcale debris b) a mini mass Mmqulreee . c] ',a slow IIIan mixture 0! Whit: gas and j I 1 I 31} men on m I: the most Violent eruption? Icelandic, rombollan. Plhian ml 500 J 23} Which 01' Mesa m the ma violent erup‘li cl) Ea very! lnming mmuré d hot {fess-s an 5) bl 3} d} 32) II“ hm Iceland I 31. Hole Ian Punter: I Stromtmlian .. I' a} one on e meln \Ifolcanlc eruption etyl'as b) .a slow I W mbduro thdgam nml volcanic 1:} la suhnalrlna slump 'I d) 'a moderelewtastmng mudfm- - I 33} LaII'Iau-s tanI'fI duringIIha mumng of lo: caps? 81 .lrue I E b) 34] Th? 1991 a} b} C) d} - I 35} Why an Ina number of mu tmpuohs Incroaiing? Beéause false or monitoring and evacue Ion a} the num r at vo!oanlc a h] volcanlcgeruples been (:3 more people live near a) more ecupt'ms happen at I I .II pfionsl morev noes Inighl ' I I r41. PImIihoIPhIIIppim eruption Lanna tatalttles became | the eruption was relativer small 'no one llmd near the voldIano the erupItlon was iefluslvo no not explosive- ruse. lea-I1. «II-«I killed about. how many people? 3 '. 30mm debris | 1 ___5.__...._._ I r15 “the 1000 Ema l7 u; M...
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