MT 1 - Q alol L asks, 51015 ltldterrrrt. Holiday Nov. 05,...

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Unformatted text preview: Q alol L asks, 51015 ltldterrrrt. Holiday Nov. 05, 200? 9] Which oi the following best describes the esthenosphera? a} brittle 1] Which of these is NOT considered a natural disaster? n} elastrc a) earthquake c} ductte D) limd in 513099 c) volcanic eruption a} transparent d) sinking 91 mg Tijanic a) severe alarm to] On what time scale do spring tides occur? a} twicedally 2] In which area does a natural disaster typically cause the most expanetva losses? in} twice weekly a) Europe cl Moe mainly b) Atrial d} Mice in 10 years :1 China e) spring tides only Occur an the Moon d) LQ e) Indonesla 11] Which of those Is NOT evidence for continental drift? a} Eanh's magnetic polar wander curves do not match 3) Which type of energy is stored in a resting loaded aprlng? bi giac'ol stnatlon (grooves) on continents on both side at an ocean at Heat c) flljlglal rebound bl Klneiic d} same fossils on continents on no": side 01 an ocean c] Potential (3} Latent Halli 12] Which are the three typea of plate boundary? a} right-taleral. loll—lateral and shear 4} Why is water able to more much rrKJre heat than many other substances? Because of its b} mnygmgnt, diggmgnl and traneiarm a} high inmmpmssmiiily C} DD. (low. sideways b} Lug h heal wait} di San Andreas Fault~ North Anatolian Faull. Dead Sea Transform Fault cl high tramparency d} high vismstly 13] What Is a tsunami? a) a rapidly matran lava [low 5} Which prom: produces Sun‘s energy? e) a rapidly,r moan monster storm 3} fission ci a rag'dlg mew-g ocean wave In] fusion d) a rapid Landslide in mountains c) {notion d) contusion 1‘] About how long does it take for a tsunami Io travel trom Hawaii to California [2400 miles)? a) 5mlnutes 6] What Is thought to have caused the tormation ot the Moon? bl 5.3—“ U’9 a) tides c) 5 days it] repeated collision of asteroids cl) 5 years c:- a Mars-9Q lflag during Earth's early tor-matron d} the solar wind 1 5} Which of these parameters DOES NOT control [he magnitude or intensity at an earthquake? u} Jupiter’s strong magnetic tieid a) taut! length b} durallon oi shaking T) Which at these celestial {heavenly} bodies is a gal giant? c} Santa mg winds a} Pluto d) mmber oi damaged buildings b} Juan er c) Demeler 151 What in expressed In the tz-atep Meroalii ecale? d} Xena a] Energy released by an earthquake 9) Venus in) Intemity oi a volcanic eruption c) extent oi damage to building and environment 8) What is Earlh'a weak shell called that is between 120 and 350m below the surface? a} asthenosghero 17] Which of these types of earthquake has no vertical movement? b} aimsphom a} tip—slip c) magnetosphere b} strikele d} stratosphere c) normal 9) lithosphere d) reverse 1s) Whatis the strike at a fault? at ih i n r t to N h hi the Inclination relative to the vertical c) the time when an earthquake happens (1) the coloration of the material wthin the tault 19) Which of these statements ls WRONG? a) stress is a Iorco that causes strain b) In is a for th uses sire c) stress released during an earthquake can increase stress on another tault d) stress can accumulate along a fault 20) Which of these seismic waves causes the most damage? a) shear waves b) compressional waves c) WBVQS d) primary waves 21) What kind of earthquake can trigger a tsunami? a) 111.1151 b) Transtorm c) Strike-slip d) all oithe above 0) none of the above 22] A minimum et stations are needed to locate the epicenter of an earthquake? a) seven h) m c) five d) ten 23) What are the three major killers associated with volcanic eruptions? a) lava flows. ash tall and hurricanes In W c) Inhars. tsunami and lava flows at ash tall. earthquakes and lightning 24) The two principal types of volcanoes are a) gimp and QMte volcanoes b) Plinlan and icelandic c) dormant and extinct volcanoes d) snow-capped and tropical volcanoes 25) Which two factors control the viscosity at lava? a) tQmEralure and gillg content it) silica content and density c) density and pressure d) temperature and Isostasy 26) Composite volcanoes are found mainly along subductlon zones. a) late b) Inise 21] What Is a Pllnian eruption? a) a particularly peaceful eruption b) rti vi tan l ru lion c) a volcanic eruption on Pllny. a satellite at Jupiter d] the anger outme of Pliny the Younger In Rome's senate 28) Which type of magma loads to particularly peaceful volcanic eruptions? a) silica-rich b) high-viscosity cl Liar-JIM d) low-temperature 29) What are the two majorprocesses that molt Earth's rock? a) solar radiation and heat I!) William c) decompression and shear d) hot spots and iusiorl 30) What Is a lahar? a) a very fast moving mix oi hot vdcanic gases and debris b) a volgnic mudfiow c) a volcanic eruption style it) a 18"“ century composer 31] Where would we find the Cascades? a) In the Himalayan mountains b) In the East Alrican Rilt c) on 139 MMtflg 3mg 911m Jugn-deFug graduction zone d) In do Club 32] Which of these hazards lo considered the most serious. if Mt. Rainier. WA would erupt? a) tsunami b) m c) unusually large amounts ot ms in the eruption doud d) lormation of a hurricane 33) Which two tomes act on a body that is sitting on a slope? at W o) rotational and potential toroo c) kinetic and momentum torco d) Vader and the dark force 34) A mass sliding down a slope without rotating GAINS which type of energy? a) potential I!) Kinetic c) rotational d) latent heat 35) In which or these cases does human activity LOWER the risk of mass movements? 3) increasing slope steepness b) adding mass to lhe top of a slump C) mm d) Increasing irrigation SJO‘l‘S thrermz. Wednesday Nov. 28, 200? 1) The Rose Canyon Fault Is a) the tool! that produced the latest earthquake In Northern California b) the hunt or a weather phenomenon in Souhern California c) an ancient. now Inactive earthquake lault east of 5312011 Sea d) an active egrthguake laul‘l within San Olflgg city Ilmlls 2] Which parts of San Diego could face liquefaction In an earthquake? a) the Granite Quarry in Mission Valley b) Misslon Bay c} Lindbergh Field Airport d) all of the above B] only b1 and c] 3] What brings most of the send to Le Jolla's beaches? a] blg storm wave from the west b) Mexican current from the south {2) oft-shore flow from the east a) glrturnia Current from the north 4] Which hazard does the outer bank of a meander term? 3) W b) too much deposition or Sediments c) tsunami d} all otthe above 5) Which at these is the most abundant element In Earth's slmosphers? El] Nitflgen b} Oxygen c) Carbon Dioxide d} Argon 6) What is the math consequence ot the greenhouse attest? a} heel ets ha a h'e surface b) more UV sunlight gets reflected back to space 6} more at Sun's radiation can penetrate the atmosphere at Earth‘s surtace is cooled to livable levels T] How do alr pressure and density change with altitude? :1) Increase exponentially with altitude b) degmggg gxpgenllally wrth altitude c} complicated function of allllude d] oonmant throughout atmosphere 3) Which II the atmospheric layer in which most at our Weather occurs? a) rnesosohem h) magnetosphere c) stratosphere G) "9135 photo 9) During whlch months does Antarctica typically experience its lowest temperatures? a) December - February b) M c) the lemporaruros in Anlarmrca don't change 19} How do oceans Influence climate along the coast? a) climate aooeteralor (Le. coast heats up quicker than inland] b} dimate moderator I . ast heats H gr rthan inland c) oceans do not Influence dimate 11) Seasonal changes in cllmale and weather are caused by a) merges in solar output t1} merges in Moon's position relative to Earth c) stages in the mltlm d Earth's 1mg sari {1515 relative to the Sun d) plate tedonrcs 9} changes in the planets posilr'on In the solar system 12) El Nino has something to do with a} reduced fish calm oil the coast of Peru b} Increased volcanism in Hawaii :3) drought In Tndone-sia dl atl ot the above e} only a and r: 13] What is the main scientific observation for an El Nlno? a} Increased volcanic activity h] Increased occurrence Ola Nor'easler C) WWWEQE a} reversed flow at tho Calitornla Current 14] What happens during a Pineapple Express phenomenon? a) an unusually cold. dry summer storm nits lhe West Coast b) an unusually 5am wet wrmer ston'n hits the West Coast c} an unusually wot hurncane nrts Hawaii d) unusually strong tornadoes hit the Midwest el Xmas presents In July 15] What Is the boundary between two air masses called? a} ataull b) efronl c} ediscontinurty d) adike 18] During evaporation. latent heat is released. a) true bilalse 1'” Which of those Is NOT associated with San Diego's Santa Ana metlwfl a} high temperatures o} high air pressure c] high winds ‘1} m h relatrve hlrrngity 18) Which way do the wtnds blow in a qrch in the northern hemisphere? a} tram low pressure to high pressure It!) clockwise c) oounter—clgkwisgg :1) east to west 19) Which at these is the relatively aalest place during a thunderstorm? a) paddling in a kayak in Missron Bay b) holding a gall dub on the Torrey Pines goti course c) seeking shelter under a mighty tree in the park it) sittlm in 9 car in the Mission Bay parking lot 9) on e surtboard in shallow water at the Scripps Beach 20) What scale gives estimated wind speeds in a tornado? a) Mercalli scale b) Fulita file c) Fuiiyarna scale it) lsuzu scale 6) Satsuma scale 21) Where In the U.S. do we find the highest number of tornadoes? a) Alaska to Greenland b) Calltornia to Washington c) Texas to Kansas d) Puerto Rico to Cuba 22) What malice tornadoes so dangerous? a) high winds and high predpitation tJ) BMW” c) high pressure and low winds d) low temperature and low pressure 23) What to found near the center at a tornado? a) high pressure 1)) pressure c) high precipitation in the term at hail d) Dorothy 24) Which of these is NOT a developing stage at a hurricane? a) tropical depression 1)) tropiml storm ‘3) NM d) tropical disturbance 25) Which 01 these does NOT contribute to a strong hurricane storm surge? a) high tides b) high winds 0) Emanumidlly d) low pressure 26) What was the reason why Hurricane Katrina 2005 was so devastating? a) a category 6 hurricane made lanotall o) the hurricane was so large that rt made landtall In 3 states Simultaneously c) levees broke in kg locations d) the hurricane spawned an unusual number at tornadoes e) the hurricane caused a mini ice age 27) What prevents hurricanes in tho East Pacific Ocean trom making landtall in Southern Califomla? a) W b) the warm Humboldt Current c) the Pineapple Express d) the tropical Jet stream 9) there are no hurricanes in the East Pacific Ocean 28) What Is the longitudinal profile? a) graph ot the flow velocity along the Calitornie Current b) graph 01 a hurricane path c) magi: oi the emotign along a stream or Mr (1) graph of the amount at runoti atter a rainstorm 29) Why is the Mississippi River such a mighty river? 0) highest ralniall on Earth at its spring b) It has a largg drainogg Main c) many hurricanes contribute to large discharge d) because it has so many steamboat casinos 30) Why does the Mississippi River form so many meanders downstream? a) it flows wer a highgradiont area D) W c) the Mississippi River has no meanders d) it does not have enough sediments to flow straight 31) Why Is the runott in urban areas higher than In rural areas? a) it rains more in the city o) cuties have more hurricanes C) WW :1) wind speeds are higher in the city a) less police patrolling the sheets 32) Why does San Diego have tlood control channels? a) San Diego has one at the highest precipitation rates in Calilornla b) the channels are remnants oi ancient. wetter times c) many hurricanes make landiall and bring devastating floods d) strung mmg gym at; mag new rain 9) the city installed them to replace the ailing water mains 33) What are the three legs of the the triangle? a) helicopter. tire engine. alr plane b) oxygen, [uelI heat c) manzanltas, eucalyptus trees. pine trees d) fire assessment. lire lighting. tire prevention 34) Which way does a fire spread taster? a) downslooe b) M c) nodliierence 35) What made the 2003 and 2007 Fires in San Diego county so devastating? a) extremely high humidity [1) severe lightning storms c) unusually strong low-pressure systems caused the air to be completely still 6) Wilton IMoN ll/gI/O‘II- 3PM I I I I I Ill “PM I I MT ‘I I ‘ I I I I I I g I I I I I I I c axll Izhcoilslqzfl (both S‘IdCs oIq I I I I I I I I . I “It” I»: . 1 . . I. . I . . I . .I . L I I I I I I 1 9) According to plaIn maon theory. which‘ene or the rollawing la ttI’ue? I :I I I I I I Wilts Mlurarmi, Friday Oct. 22. 2004 I I ‘ I ‘ a) Lithosphertc plates ttoat on theIhot asthenosphere and move about I I - I I I I 1) 3m°°nt1u7 ‘3 I “so "We" has "‘9 “latest tops of lite from natural disasters occurred? I I I b) Most earthq has at convergent bounderles are‘ trike-slip I I I a) Atrl ' I I I ‘ ’ I I Ic) Deep. mass Ia. earthquakes occur at spreading I nters I I II I b) NOi'l Amerlca I I ‘ I I ‘ ‘ Id) Contlnental crust becomes subducted beneath oIceanlc crust at trenches ‘ I c) Europe I ‘ ' I I I i I‘ I I l I I I a) Asia’ I I I I I I I I 1OJIThrust tIauttlhg to common at wlInt klnd ot plate boundary? I I I I I I I I I I ‘ Ia) TmnIstorm : I i 2) What la the energy or motion? I : - I I I ‘ I In) Convergent I I I ‘8) H03? I I I ’ I I I 6) owner“ I I I I I I b) KlneIttc I I I I Id) SMkb-sflp I ‘ II ‘ I ‘ c) Gravlty I I 1 I I I I’ I I I I I I I ‘ I In) Potential 2 I I I I' I I 11)The5anAndreasiswhatkh-rdotteult? I I I I a) No l dip-slip ‘ I ‘ i I I I In) TmTadlrrsllp I I ‘ I I I I I c) Lott leral strike-slip ‘ I I ; . I d) Right-lateral emits-slip I I I I I I ‘ l I I I I Win 1930 baIrttho parklrrg meters in Hawaii?‘ I I I I I a) Rowdy college students I I I 4) More energy reaches Earth's surface trorn lnslde then from outside I II I » I b) She ng from a powertul local earthquake I ‘ I ‘ Ia) TmaI I I I I I I I l Ic) A T I naml I "I I I r b) False ‘ I I ‘ I d) Magma tram nearby volcanic cruptlon _ I ' I I I I I I ' i I l I 5) The HydIologlc Cycle doecrlbee I I I I I ‘ l ‘ 13) What loIthe most common cause of an earthquake? t I a) The ‘clrcuiatiOn ot water through envlrorlinents at Earth's surface I I I- I Ia) Volcanic eruption I I I I 3) The EarlI'l's rnierIrai anarIry la arn‘aost entirely from what oburcee‘II I ‘3) Radioactivity. the Sun. nuclear fusion I I I b) Primordial meteor and asteroid impacts. radioadivlty. gravltatlonal collapse ‘ c) Nuclear tuslon. chemical reactions. plate tectonlcs I " I I d) Nuclear luslon. meteor and asteroid Impacts. grovltatlondl collapse b) The flow at rock In the aslhendsphere as Earth's plates move b) Rearrangement of atoms at great depth In the Eilth I c) The drculatlon at liquid rock ln Earth's outer core I I I c) Sudden sllp along an existing or new term I I ‘I I I d) How some wet sells turn to liquid when shaken end wentuelly become solIld agaln I I I d) MeteIor Impail I I I I I II I I I I I ‘ I I l . I I I . 6) Which ot the toilovlring observations suggested that the conunt were once joined together 14) The first-arrivan seismic wavee‘ere what kind? ‘ I I In a euperoontlnent? I I I Ia) Compress I body waves I I I 2 I I I Ia) Meteor tmpacl craters are uniformly distributed around the world I' I I I I I ll) Sheer body as I I ' I II I b) The continents fit together lllta‘jlgsaw pieces I ‘ Ic) Rayblgh surface waves I c) Rocks from gladers are lured near the equator d) Love surtace waves d) The same last food restaurants are tound all over the world I ‘ L 'I I ‘ I I ' I I I I I I I ‘ II ‘ I ' 15) A mass re of a earthquelte'e elze based on visual obee‘rvatlonsot damage I T) The seafloor etrtpee are I I ‘ a) Mercalli intensity scale I I I l a) Magnetlzed bands at rock parallel to the seafloor ridges that give evidence that the geomagnetic I I b) Richter scale I I I I I I I field has reversed In the past and the seafloor is spreading I I I I c) Wreckter sea 9 I I I I I I b) Bank: or rock at the seafloor that have preeervdd ancient species ot marine plants Ihnd animals ‘ I a) Selsjrnlc morrIent scale I ‘ I and show us how these spedes have evolved as the seafloor has spread ‘ I I I I I I c) An ancient myth I I I I 181m natural ported of a building depends on what? I I I d) Alternatth colors at basaltlc rocks at thIe seafloor ridges ' I j I I ‘ I Ia) The dlswnceItrom thejeplcenter I I I II I I I I b) The height and strength of the building I I a) The seafloor rldgee are ‘ ' I I I c) How hard the seismic waves shake the bullding I I I I a) HotIIsnallow. seismlcally active. young I I I I I I I I I I I I I b) Sardmlcaliy inactive but volcanlcally active I I II I I I I I 171‘ in 1985. MexicoIcrty wall seriouon damaged by Ian earthquake because“: c) Not Iwell understood as they are hurled deeply beneath sediments Ia) The earthquake occurred diredty beneath the city I I I d) Relatively Old but still hot and seismlcally active I 'I I b) The eartho ke strudt late at night when rescue services were not available I I I I I I ‘ I I ‘ I I I I Ic) The city ‘is l I ed on sediments that reIsonate and llquety when sIlaken I I I I I ‘I I I I L I IIII.III II I 1a} A Teunaml!wave Is caused Ly whetkind o! ram-quake? I I . | a) Thrusl I ' - - h) Strike-st c) Translohn 191A Tsunemliwave would like approximately how long to II-av'el from Chlle to flew"?- a) About "laments b] Abom 18 minutes (:1 AbouMhours' I I (1) mm 25am I . - . 20] Where remarkable about the Parkfield area? e} H was struck by a giant Isunami - - In) Site at [he met earthquakes tostrjka within LLB. I I I c) Magnlmda 6 and above eanhquakm were atn'Iosl regular during last 100 years I d) Earthquakes can' no molded pma'seiy 21} What are [he three Us that control a volcanic: eruption? a) vodlclly.‘ volatiles and viscosity | I I b) visooslly, volatiles and volume I c) vdumm vigor and Vin Diesel :1) Hum. velod'ly and III-istpsity 22) Which of the" mateth has the hIghesI vI'smuty-II ' ' a) Coldrock . b} watet c} hall-Ia).I . . _ . - . d} cookle dough 1n lhe own . ! 231W'I'Ilch are the two factors Hui auntie! the viscosity of lava? a} temperature and water I . I - I o} sulca oonlenl one] [emperature I I c) location and temperature” ' ' ' I d} densfly and COR)! I 2‘} What are the three malor killer: in voloanII: eruptions? o) lava flows. ash fall and tsunaml I . I | - b] lahars. Inunaml and lava {laws I I c) ash tall. earthquakes and nghII-Iing d} tsunamiI indirect {uilmele change] and pyrqclastlc flows 25] Mt. St. Helena II a 4hiold volcano. I l a} true I - I bi Iafsa 26} What kl thq VEI? a) Virtual ElectronIc Index It} Volmnlc Explost Index 3] Volcanic Emission Instrument d] Vulcan Ear Implant i a) Ml. Hollywood. 2053 b] Yallowshne. 650,000 yuan ago :1 Mt. St. Helena. 1980 II) www.11an I . 29) How much 1' the tote! volca‘hlc activity ocular! In mid-ocean ridges? a} 50% ' b) 10% I ' c} Isms or room -I d) 10% - 301‘“?! Is a lath: flow?! a) a fast Ing mature of water and volcale debris b) a mini mass Mmqulreee . c] ',a slow IIIan mixture 0! Whit: gas and j I 1 I 31} men on m I: the most Violent eruption? Icelandic, rombollan. Plhian ml 500 J 23} Which 01' Mesa m the ma violent erup‘li cl) Ea very! lnming mmuré d hot {fess-s an 5) bl 3} d} 32) II“ hm Iceland I 31. Hole Ian Punter: I Stromtmlian .. I' a} one on e meln \Ifolcanlc eruption etyl'as b) .a slow I W mbduro thdgam nml volcanic 1:} la suhnalrlna slump 'I d) 'a moderelewtastmng mudfm- - I 33} LaII'Iau-s tanI'fI duringIIha mumng of lo: caps? 81 .lrue I E b) 34] Th? 1991 a} b} C) d} - I 35} Why an Ina number of mu tmpuohs Incroaiing? Beéause false or monitoring and evacue Ion a} the num r at vo!oanlc a h] volcanlcgeruples been (:3 more people live near a) more ecupt'ms happen at I I .II pfionsl morev noes Inighl ' I I r41. PImIihoIPhIIIppim eruption Lanna tatalttles became | the eruption was relativer small 'no one llmd near the voldIano the erupItlon was iefluslvo no not explosive- ruse. lea-I1. «II-«I killed about. how many people? 3 '. 30mm debris | 1 ___5.__...._._ I r15 “the 1000 Ema l7 u; M T 2. Sims-0T Midtenrrz. Sample Test to] What is the main constituent of Earth’s atmosphere today? 1) Which of these contributes to La Jolie‘s cliI't erosion? a] oxygen a) sea walls is) nitrogen hi1. b] boulders in undercuts (:1 carbon dioxide c) extensive Qackxard irrigglim d] deep rooting vegetation 11] El Nino has something to do with the Antarctic ice sheet. 2} The Rose Canyon Fault is a] True a} tacit 01' the latest earthquake in Japan D} False 11} We c] an ancient slump surtaoe In Haweil 111What Is the ITCZ? (1} location of an illegal dump in San Dlego‘s hack muntry a} mmmtcat convergence Zone b} Intorglacla! climate Zone 3) What is a meander? c) Infrared transmission cenIer zone a} the contact zone behiieen Ardatn Shale and Scripps Sandstone h) a coupie just betore engagement 131Wealhor-causlng circulation In the atmosphere occurs in which layer“? at a loop in a river a} Trgflsphere d) A comet made otlron h} Mesosphere c} Thermosphere 4) Which parts or! San Diego could taco itquotactton to an earthquake? d) Stratosphere a) Mission Bay b] Mount Soledad 14] Density in the atmosphere increases exponentially with attitude. :2} Lindbergh Field Airport at true d} allotthe above o) [aim at only a! and c1 15} When water vapor condenses. heat to released —— true or false? 5] What is an undercut? a) Tr_irrg a) reverse earthquake tautl h) False b} weather phenomenon c) cave cut into a diff by waves 16} Which of these Is most likely to he struck by ltgl'itnlng In a thunderstorm? a) a cowean farmer 6] What brings most of the sand to La Jotla‘s beaches? o) a 1-story house a) big storm wevew from the West c) a cell phone tower in) Caiitomia Current trom the north d) a cow c) Mexican current from the south :1) onshore flow from the east 17) A microbul'st is ’ a) An explosion at high pressure air in the core at a supervcell II'iunderstor'i-ri Climate zones depend not only on latitude but also on elevation t) The sudden. unexpected. appearance at a tornado at ground level '-aI Eng 9) The burslot sound waves from a lightning strike ti} talse h) A sgden violent downdratl at the base at a thunderstorm 81 It h summer in San Diego, while it is winter in Canberra-'Australia because 18) What scale is usodlo classtl'y tornadoes based on their strength? a) there are more continents in the northern hemisphere a} Fu rla Scale M b) Ihe Earth's 59in earls-I51.th b} Satin-Simpson Scab thumcnw’?) c) Austrailans drive on the other side at the road c} Richter Scale r" mt L'IflUC'h' 0 d) it is always winler in the southern hemisphere d} Fahrenheit Scale (if I'-"v'"‘rF“-‘ if ) 9} Why does Earth have seasons? 19] Tho Coriolis effect is the result of 1 a) solar output changes over the year :3) Wind {‘1’ b) Earth‘s orbit around Sun changes over Ihe year ti} flotaan Earth .- 1 i c] maltion oi Earth‘s [illed relation axis changes over the year c) Dayi’nlglil temperature contrast d) The poles being colder than the equator 20) What is the peak hurricane season In the United States? a) February - April b) May - July c) August - October d) November - January 21) What kind of storm is capable of generating the strongest winds: a) hurricane b) magnetic storm c) tornado d) dust storm 22) What is the name of the central. towest-prossuro area in a hurricane? a) Nose b) Throat c) Mouth dim 23) in a hurricane. the strongest winds are in a) The eye b) The central ralnbands c) The eyewall d) The outer rainbands 24) Why do hurricanes not cross the equator? a) magnetic field has vortioes b) temperatures are too high c) The Coriolis effect is weak and reverses d) humidity is too high 25) Which of these factors does NOT influence the severity of a storm surge? a) Tides b) Surface winds c) Air pressure :0 may 26) What atmospheric condition Inhibits the formation of a hurricane? a) Strong winds aloft b) Relatively light winds aloft \ c) Warm ocean water in source region (above 80"F) d) High humidity In the source region 27) Why is the risk of flooding In urban areas larger than in rural areas? a) urban areas are below sea level b) there is no ditleronce in risk a) sealed surlagg prevent water horn penetrating ground d) in rains more 28) Except for one time in 1858. why Is there no landfall of a hurricane in San Diego? e) San Diego is too far inland i) there are no hurricanes in the Eastern Pacific 9) hurricanes can't teed n the cold Caliiomia Current h) the Pacific Ocean is too small for hurricanes to form 29) Which orthese bWi’Katrtna was so devastating because c) many people (0 poor) could not evacuate d) it hit densely populated stretches of Centrai America l‘ “ I y; ’1 é o) New Orleans lies below sea level n r " t) crucial levees broke 30) What caueod tho most deadly natural disaster in US. history? a) a train wreck 0) m c) a fire it) a volcano 31) What made the 1993 Mississippi flood so costty? a) a prolonged drought 9) WM c) Barbie factory got flooded d) the flood triggered many tornadoes 32) The "too-year flood" 3) W b) happens exadly every 100 years c) is more likely to occur sooner than later 33) During Santa Ana weather conditions. the fire hazard In San Diego county c) intercom d) decreases e) stays the same 34) During a "Santa Ana", San Diego experiences ..... weather a) hotter. more humid i) hotter. drier g) colder. drier h) colder. more humid 35) How does a fire spread most efficiently? e) burning dawnslope n burning uglgg -. idddcr emu ( mm 75 g) burning sideways h) there is no preferred direction (depends only on fuel and wind) ERTIflJ Final. Friday Dec. 10, 2004 1) What Is the energy of motion? a) Heal 9) m c) Gravity a) Potential 2) Between 1547 and 1980 whore has the greatest loss of Mo from natural disasters occurred? 8] Q h) arm c) NonhAmorlca :1) Europe 3) More energy roaches Earth's aurlaoe from outalde than from Inoldo? 0) 1519 b) Fake 4) Strike-sup faulting Ia coma-non at what land of plot» houndam a) Convergent b) Tramlorm c) Caldera d) Compresme 5) According to plate monk: theory, whlch one of rho [allowing Io true? a) M031 earthquakes a! comment boundaries are strike-slip b) Continual aunt becomes subdwded beneath oceanic mm m hencth o) Lkmzherle Egg M) on mg hg gthgnggpmre rum mm gym 0) Thus! cammmurs am at spreading camera 5) Larger earthquakes are more Ilhary to occurman small ones. a) true I!) lane 7) In 1985. Marlee Clry was oorlouely damaged by an earthquake became... a) The eanhquako oowrred amry oanemn meoxy b) ‘ _ . I . .. , c) The . .A . I oanhqu smackan mumsem‘oeewemmavaflaalo I) ATounarnl lo NOT caused bywhat kind of earthquake? a) normal a) Thrusl C) M 9) A measure or an oanhqualro'o otze based or: the amplitude of ground motion measured by oelornomelers In? 0) Mm m Moreen! lntemlty scale _, o) Fupa scale "‘ d) SalfleSlmpson scale . . 10) Downtown San Diego Is on Mrlch plate? a) North American b) m c) Dlnnor (1) Juan do Fuca 11) The flm-arrlvlng oelornlo waves are shear waves. a) True DIEGEE 12) What In the most common cause olan earthquake? n) Roarrangemeru orator-m at gran: damn la the Earth b) ‘ o cw c) Molecule Impact 6) weather o) Volume ompllon 13) What would cause the largest earthquake? a] Wm b) Dolonnllon of a large nuclear weapon just below the Earth's ourlaoo o) Sudden oonlrnalon of rock at great depth d) Poseidon belng angry e) Sudden slip on a laull stance 14) What are the three major Irlllera In volaanlc eruprlons? a) na dl ha and la: ' b) lahars, lsunaml and lava flows o) nah fall. earthquakes and lightning d) lava flows. nah fall and lounaml 15) Whlch of the“: materials has the highest vlscoolty? 0) b) Dr. Lasko's morning oofloo o) lava at 900°C m Manna Lee 18) Why Is vlacoua magma so dangerous? n) can amps oosllynnd produce dlmlve volcanism D) W o) esmpos at mlcl-ooorm ruges d) all ollho above 17) Manna LoaIHawall lo a ahleld volcano. 0) mm a) ram 18) The 1880 lat. 8:. Helena oruptlon klllod less man 100 people because a) ompllnn was mlner b) loss than 50 people llvedvrilhin 100 miles 6) 91W!!! d) velmnlsm ls effusive and no! oxploelve 19) What In a pyreolarrflo flow? a) a flash flood I!) W o) a slow moving mudllrm d) a submarine Slump 20) Why lo the number or! fatal volcanlo oruprlono lncreaelng? muse a) the number a! volcanic ampmns increase. b) valoan‘c eruptions became more vlolonL 6) mm d) more eruptlons happen a! night. .o 21) Mid-ocean ridges are the locations of most of Earth's voionnlsm 9) true a) false 22) Which typo of volcano is the met eon-anon near subduction zone: a) W o) volcanic fissures c) anion volcanoes d) cinder cones 23) The Cascade volcano oheln exist: because at a) label warming o) o hotshot c) subdgglon a) miooceen ridge 24) What Is a caldera? a) elongated volcanic one In) small sinkhole c) new type of exeruse machhe a) submarine slump e) ooIJnQ‘ee_d vole-mg 25) What Is a glide horizon? a) the bottom at n stream D) mm c) port of n surlboand a) contact surface between two oceanic pbtes 26) When is a slump more Illroly to occur? Whon the water table Is the glide horizon. a) one b] below 27) Whoro can we and the largest mass movements on Earth? a] Itol‘on Alps o) ER‘i’HiS Moonwalk 6) mm d) ChinoooMountalns 23) Which mroo teeters increase the slumping risk In Coiilornla? a) pro‘onged droughts. winter em. waves o): h- . - 6) sea wais. earthquakes. lush tropical vegetation d) palm trees, long rainy summer season. Hoilywood 29) Which oi those to the slowest mass movemont? 8) men n) snowwalamhe c) slump 6) Rock and Roll marathon 3|!) the Rose Canyon Fault lo a) on active eonhquako fault in Japan D) W o) a euhrmrlno slump surface In Hawaii (I) an ancient stamp surface near Salton Son at) What woather condition increases the short-tom fire risk in 8.0. counm 6) mm b) hurricane in theeast Poodle ocean c) PoolicwmterCycionoo a) lrequenitomndoes :2) Which 0! these lo NOT typical for Santa Ana woethor a) strong winds h) extremely low humidity c) high temper-arms a) WWII! 33) What contributed to the 1988 flro diseeter In Yeliowetoho National Porifl n) W o) overpopulation by bison c) not geysrs d) tourism :4) Why did tho 1997/98 El Nino sot the stage for the 2003 8.0. flro dloostofl a) El Mm named many tornadoas and killed trees o) El Nino has nothing to do with this C) W a) El Nino dried out vegetation 35) Why did the 2003 Cedar tire oproad so fast? 8) Wade h) many lightning strikes he at the some time s) matured gas lines d) tires always spread fast in urban sirens 38} Heat trenelor more hot materiel rlsoe duo to he lower density lo... a) Conduction b) M c) Contraction a) Combustion :1) The main source at onergy for o hurricane In what? a) Hm Email I)! mgmuon ol gator gear I!) The Coriolis client 0) Global alr (inflation d) lire lot stream 33) Why do hurricanes not cross the oquston n) In; some: can mm m the equator end is Emmi: there h) We loo hot at the equator c) magnetic field reverses d) The humbly ts loo high at the eqmtor 39) What atmospheric condition Inhibits the formation oi a hurricane? a) high humbly in the source region 0) mm c) worm ocean water in source region (above aa’F) d) weal: wines aioll an) in a hurrleano, tho stronth winde are where? n) b) The central rainbows c) The cuter mlnbnnds d) The eye 41) Which of tho following can lnfluonoo wind dirootlon? a) Cor-bits oiloct D) Pressuro gradient c) wind hmokors d) mm 42) Which of mono does NOT incroooo tho hoight or a hurrlcono otorrn ourgo: a) surface winds a) mum c) lites r!) or: pressure 43) In a hurrtcono, tho oyowoil roprooonta: a) mom oontorof the storm b) The mo of broken cloudiness ot the carrier 1:) A layer of cirrus clouds at tho center of tho storm I!) A... -...-=-.-.I'- 44) Tho Coriolis ottoct in tho result of: a) Wind ta) Daylnlght temperature contrast c) The poles hem wider man rho equator QMW 45) In tho NORTHERN hornlophoro, air flow around a roglon of high prosnnro In? a) Cwmadocimise (cyclonic) n) W 46) Cmnulonlmbuo (thundorotonn) clouds flotton out (dovolop on oer hood) at tho top of what otmoophorio layer? a) 1mm b) Siroiosphore o) Moonsphoro d) Themphero 47) Whon orator ovoporatoo, hoot lo roioasod - truo or woo? o) Truo 0) [QB 48) Winds noor runwoyo that can mono piano oroohoo oro duo to what a) A msocydone o) A tunnel 6) AM a) A funnel cloud n; .34 49) Tho olr prooouro at tho comm of a tornado lunnol I: a) High '1) Lu! 50) What kind of storm Io capablo of gonorotlng tho Morison winds: 0) Hurrimno b) dust dorm C) 19m a) magnetic storm St) Tho “100mm flood“ J W 0) occurs about every 150 years c) is a rrMh d) occurs omotly every 100 yours o) occurs ooom every 80 years 52) Urbanlutlon a) W b) decreases the peak urn-oil c) lovrorsiho risk olfloods d) doesn't change the oocwropoe of flood: 53) Whrrt modo tho 1983 misnloolppl flood no costly} a) Fort Knox got flooded 0) W o) stock marital mashed d) the flood triggered a hurricane 54) What oouood tho most deadly natural disastor in U3. history? a) a ilro B) mm c) a tornado d) a volcano 55) What Is wrong with tho Mission Valley flood control system? a) the Ouaionrnm stadium attracts tram: b] 1! ln'.' 2:1 til .‘JJ . l.“A II '-I -.’rl'." ll ' 'A in" ‘5 F.“ . . c) mmacitynood manna! leads into high-capacitywa met d) capocay of tho system Is 100 high 58) it Is ournrnorin San Dingo. whllo It is Mntor In MoutoOCIty o) iruo 0) ram 51) Madridlsmln has o mlldor oiirnato than flow York (oar-no Iotrmdo) bocarrso a) people in Modrid smoke m b) oilho Plrreapplo Exproos 6) W 6) Madrid has rrroro hurricanes 58) Tho Mllonlrovitoh cycloo hovo nor-nothlng to do Mth a) volmnic eruptions at Kiowa/Hawaii b) WW2 c) goyoors d) tho treqmncy oliloods in San Diego 59) Which port of o troo mvooln post climate 3) hark b) roots 0) loaves 6) rams 80) Which oftho following Is NOT an indicator or past otimolo a) fossil: b) loo ooros c) corals d) m flows or) Volmnlc eruptions can have effects on global dimato 3) m b) false 82) Tho groat tarnlno In tho yoare tollowlnn "tho your wlthout summer" (181891.19 duo to... 12) Tho Klrkwood gape are relativon tree of asteroids boeaueo... n) gtgantlc asloroid Impact a) Astamlds have been atacted bemuso of ooIlisions a) W b) Frequent oollhlons have redmed the asteroids to dust at magnetlc field reversal c) WWW-W 11) new abomo d) Magnetic fields exerted by metallic asterolds are very weak. but over billions at years were enough to draw asteroids Into dense rtngs separated by the ‘Kitttwood' gape 631mm ond of an lcoago, aoa Iovol a) gag 13) 0! oil opaoo oblocta that pass Earth's atrnosphero, tho most Ilkon to roach the a) tolls ground ls... c) stays the some a) Stony b) Walk; 64) Whleh of those dooe NOT cause mow orttlnctlonn? a) lay a) msslve flood basalt volmnlsm d) Plastlc b) global warma'lg c) E! Nine 14) Tho Kutpor bot! to... o)globalooohng ale; .: '. '. -. s.‘ a) the so loo 0! longpertod comets and to 5.000 AU. to 100.000 AU Irorn the Sun 65) Tho Cornbrlan explosion at Illa Is tlod to what? a) a belt of asteroids separated by two at the Klrkwood gaps a) firstooaurrenae of lute on Earth b) massive Irrcrease oI bacteria 75) Who: Is bollovod to have boon oauood by tho Impact of tho gloat astorold at c) massive Increase of amiss wag hnrn Ens Yucatan 65,000.000 yoam ago? a) mass extlnctlan n) Tsunaml b) Earthquake 66) What was tho groatoat mane oxtInctton'I c) Clonal dust doud a) oyinyoflhe d'nosauralnthe Cambrton a) W b) . z . I p . c) (3me o! the Dodoln the last toe ago 76) A large orator was creator! In Artznna 49.000 your: ago while no orator was d) «May at lho mammoth near Ihe K-T boundary cannot! by tho Tunguska ovont In 1908. Why the dltforonco? o) The Arizona ptojectlle was consideraory larger 67) Blrda are a aubctasa of whlch class at onlth h) The soil in Arturo was maker and water to move a) ten c) The Tunguska projectile slrucl: the ground at a slower speed a) dinosau d) The Tgnggrgm QMHQ mg weakgr and exploded In the atmosghgm c) mammals It) narrsuplals 11) Water vapor to a groonhouaa gas? a) true 68) Why on: many fllghttoaa htrda In Hawall at rlak of bocomlng omnct? b) lots: 0) low breeding rat b) major climate shltts 78) Which otthoaa are tho two most Important groanholleo gases? :2) Introduction of predators (a, mom) a) C02 and add mm a) hunting by natives b) and rain annotate c) W 59) Whlch Is NOT a valld reason why tho “can has more Impact nears than Earth? a) halogen and argon n) The Moon doesn't have an atmosphere 9) oxygen am carbon monoxide b) ' '-t'u' ' ~' . .‘.' .: '- ; ' c) There Is meroslonan Moon 79) Tho ozone hole to caused by what? (I) There is no plate team's on tho Moon 3) Increase In CH4 a) decrease In 602 70) What In tho aurvlvlng place a! an aatorotd that roaches Earth's surface? c) global warming «1) 9151181036 d) W a) Meteor 0) My an) Tho rocont human-Induced Ineroaso at 002 In the atmosphere to duo no at No name as these fragments are never found a] oxcesatvo cell phone use b) burning of fooail Lugs 71) How do we know that tho Chloxulubl'rueatan Impact could he roaponalbto for tho c) «alone of the coating agent In rethgeramrs ordtnctton ot the dinosaurs 85 Mlo yoara ago? d) cooking In mtcrowave Instead of conventional ovens 1;; Rm‘m at many dinosaurs In the area Indlcate mat‘theywe (tut ..'.. n: unthldrrl‘q ‘- 0) Unusually high level of mdloactlvlty and heat flow In the area at Rename of dinosaurs In the area were moled by small tragmonta of an asteroid re mnntnq away from Impact area ‘(i .l‘ Al 4 :11!.‘;|‘.. ’. ...
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