wk 12b. 09 class race Ideology

wk 12b. 09 class race Ideology - Today's Lecture: Race and...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–9. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Today’s Lecture: Race and Class Poverty Globalization
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
How do People Come to Accept Social Hierarchies as Natural? Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels: Important Contribution: The Ideology of Class The notion that people in class societies come to believe that social stratification is “natural” These beliefs allow people to construct rationales to justify and legitimize social discrimination and marginalization on the basis of race, religion, gender, and ethnicity
Background image of page 2
Ideology The dominant class projects its own way of seeing the world so that those who are subordinated by it accept it as “common sense” or “natural. “
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
The Ideology of Class: American Style Assumption: A Person’s social position in the class hierarchy is determined largely by achievements or individual effort Individuals who work hard will succeed: Horatio Algers story Those who don’t succeed, must not be working hard enough…. Therefore, “poverty is the poor person’s own damn fault”
Background image of page 4
The Ideology of Racism Attempt to justify social position by a person’s innate, biological makeup, largely by race, mental ability (intelligence) and gender Assumption: Hierarchical ordering of society is seen as an expression of a natural law: some people are born more fit to lead and succeed than others
Background image of page 5

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
History of Racism For centuries, European and American societies characterized by racial stratification Membership in certain racial or ethnic groups defined people’s social, political and economic worth In America, one’s position in this racial hierarchy determined whether that person could vote, hold office, attend schools, marry a particular person, frequent certain businesses
Background image of page 6
Racism and Slavery in US Justify racial enslavement Define citizenship on the basis of race Thus for most of US history, English speaking whites were thought of as the only legitimate citizens of the US, while people of color, immigrants, and native communities were denied equal citizenship rights.
Background image of page 7

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Rationale for Racism Economically profitable Advantageous for those who did not have to compete for jobs with those who barred from them Claim that the ranking of people by race is “natural” and that social hierarchy is therefore also “common sense.” Claims reinforced by state and religious authorities
Background image of page 8
Image of page 9
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 25

wk 12b. 09 class race Ideology - Today's Lecture: Race and...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 9. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online